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31

Poor performance on the verbal subtest:

is resistant to brain deterioration and is often used to estimate premorbid adjustment

32

Lab and dorm studies have consistently shown that males and females react differently to crowding. Specifically, lab studies suggest that crowding is more detrimental for males, and dorm studies indicate that:

females utilize less effective coping strategies than males in crowded situations

33

According to Donald Super, "career maturity" refers to:

the ability to accomplish the tasks of each stage of career development

34

Research suggests that the link between depression and pain is attributable to abnormalities in which neurotransmitters?

Serotonin and norepinephrin

35

The "paired comparison" technique is

a relative measure of job performance

36

An ApoE4 gene on chromosome 19 has been linked to an increased risk for:

Alzheimer's disease

37

Studies comparing first disclosure of sexual orientation have found that:

the average ages of disclosure for gay men and lesbians is not significantly different

38

From the perspective of structural family therapy, a therapist's failure to ________ is likely to produce resistance among family members.

join the family

39

Research comparing younger and older workers has found that younger workers expect:

more personal fulfillment from their jobs than older workers do.

40

Traditional Native American social organization is best described as:

collateral

41

For a person with Social Anxiety Disorder, panic attacks are:

cued by specific social situations

42

_______ is to b weight as ______ is to beta coefficient

Unstandardized; standardized

43

Lesions in the dorsolateral area of the prefrontal cores will likely produce:

dysexecutive syndrome (characterized by problems related to planning, problem-solving, abstract thinking, and insight as well as perseveration, inappropriate behaviors, and apathy.

44

Disinhibition syndrome is caused by lesions in the:

orbitofrontal area of the prefrontal cortex

45

Mesial frontal apathetic syndrome is caused by lesions in the:

mediofrontal area of the prefrontal cortex

46

Gertsmann's syndrome is caused by damage to the:

left (dominant) parietal lobe

47

What is valence?

The perceived value of the available rewards

48

What is expectancy?

The belief that one's effort will result in performance.

49

What is instrumentality?

The belief tat one's performance will be rewarded.

50

What are the three beliefs of expectancy theory?

Valence, expectancy, and instrumentality.

51

What is Beck's cognitive distortion of personalization?

When a person attributes external events to him/herself without evidence supporting such a causal connection.

52

What is Beck's cognitive distortion of arbitrary inference?

Drawing a specific conclusion without supporting evidence or in the face of contradictory evidence.

53

What is Beck's cognitive distortion of selective abstraction?

When a person interprets a situation on the basis of a single detail taken out of context.

54

What is Beck's cognitive distortion of dichotomous thinking?

Categorizing an experience in terms of one of two extremes (if I don't, everything will be terrible")

55

What is balance theory?

Uses the concept of cognitive consistency to explain attitude change and focuses on the relationships between three entities - the person, another person, and a third person or an idea, event, or object.

56

To construct the 68% confidence interval for an examinee's obtained test score, you would need the examinee's score and:

the standard error of the measurement

57

Fading refers to:

the gradual removal of prompts

58

Research on the impact of teacher expectations has demonstrated that:

expectations are often based on personal characteristics, especially race and class.

59

Age of onset for Separation Anxiety is usually between 6-8 mths and peaks in intensity at about:

14-18 mths

60

To calculate an effect size (Cohen's d), you need:

the means of the experimental and control groups