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Flashcards in Practice Management Deck (153)
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1

abutment

A buttressing or supporting
structure.

2

acoustics

The branch of physics that deals
with sound. In architectural application, the
sound qualities of a room or space.

3

acropolis

In an ancient Greek city, a citadel,
usually on a high plateau.

4

addenda

Statements or drawings that modify
the basic contract documents after the latter
have been issued to the bidders, but prior to
taking of bids.

5

addition (to the contract sum)

An amount
added to the contract sum either by an accepted
additive alternate or by change order.

6

adobe

A sun-dried brick of earth, used in the
American Southwest.

7

advertisement for bids

Published public
notice soliciting proposals for a construction
project.

8

aesthetics

The branch of philosophy that
deals with the quality, aspects, and perception
of beauty.

9

agent

One who acts on behalf of another.

10

air rights

The rights to the use or control
of space above a property, such as highways,
railroad tracks, or buildings.

11

albedo

Reflectivity measured as the relative permeability of a surface to radiant energy
flowing in either direction.

12

alignment

Horizontal or vertical deviation
from the straight or level centerline of the road.

13

alternate bid

Proposal by a bidder for an
amount to be subtracted from, or added to, the
base bid if the corresponding change in the
work is accepted.

14

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

Federal civil rights legislation that establishes
the right of persons with disabilities to equal
access to sites and buildings and sets design
guidelines for its implementation.

15

amphitheater

An arena encircled by tiers of
seats.

16

annunciator

An electromagnetic device that
indicates the activation of certain circuits; a
device to signal the existence and location of a
fire in a building.

17

application for payment

A contractor’s
written request for payment of the amount due
on account of work completed and/or materials
suitably stored on the site. Also called payment
request.

18

approved equal

Material or method that is
approved by the architect as being equivalent to
what was originally specified.

19

apse

The eastern or altar end of a church,
usually semicircular in plan

20

arbitration

An alternative to litigating a dispute, in which one or more arbitrators hears the
evidence and renders a decision.

21

ashlar

Masonry having a face of square or
rectangular stones.

22

azulejo

A glazed decorative tile with the
color blue most prominent.

23

backfill

Earth or other fill material placed
between an outside foundation wall and the
excavation.

24

baffle

A partial obstruction against flow in a
duct or pipe.

25

balance

The proportioning of components
by offsetting or contrasting so as to produce an
aesthetic equilibrium in the whole.

26

Baroque

A style of European architecture
developed in the late Renaissance in reaction
to classical forms, containing elaborate curves,
scrolls, and ornament.

27

barrier-free provisions

Regulations that
provide for accessibility to buildings and sites
for persons with disabilities.

28

base bid

The sum of money stated in the bid
for which the bidder offers to do the work, not
including any alternate bids.

29

base lines

East-west lines from which townships are established on government surveys.
They run perpendicular to meridian lines.

30

basic services

The architectural sendees
normally required for a building project, usually consisting of schematic design, design
development, construction documents, bidding or negotiation, and construction contract
administration.