Power and Agency and Migrant Farmworker Hierarchies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Power and Agency and Migrant Farmworker Hierarchies Deck (11)
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1

Power

Seen as the ability to transform a given situation

2

Different types of power

Individual
Social
Political
Structural (e.g. garment industry in Canada and in Life and Debt)

3

Political power

Visible: Decisions we're aware of (e.g. the government)
Invisible: Insidious, sinister, embedded in culture (e.g. cops)
Hidden: Lobbyist groups like NRA

4

Agency

- Seen as an “individual’s ability to make choices and to effect change through his or her actions” (Schultz, Lavenda and Dods 2015, 112)
- Think ‘agency’ for micro interactions (individual), power for macro interactions (society)
- Structure vs. agency tension

5

Power and anthropology

- Political anthropology first assumed power located in the state, using coercion
- Anthropological fieldwork offered different evidence – no presence of the state and still order
- Still may have used coercion, but based on fear of punishment than fear of violence
- Based on idea that humans are social, not always acting for themselves

6

Coercion

Domination; rulers use force to govern

7

False consciousness

- Rulers portray their domination as legitimate; subjects accept ruling class ideology
- Subjects somewhat passive and incapable of resistance

8

Persuasion (hegemony)

- Rulers want people to see their rule as legitimate, so they offer them mutual accommodations
- Subjects are persuaded to follow leaders
- Hegemony can help to consolidate social organization and political control (can justify itself)

9

Biopower

- Mode of governing in modern nation-state that emerged in 19th century
- Power over life rather than power over death (sovereign power)

10

2 levels of biopower

- Individual: sites of normalization and discipline – self governing towards greater good
- Population: management through statistical knowledge

11

Hierarchies on the farm

- Each person has some exposure to vulnerability and power, but these are not evenly shared
- Racism and conflation of ethnic identities
- Evolutionary ideas about Mexicans who are seen as ‘more’ indigenous
- Limited control over their time
- Minimum wage tied to amount picked (51 lbs/hour (!) to receive $7.16 daily wage)