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Flashcards in post-impressionism Deck (25)
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1

artists

Vincent Van Gogh
Paul Cezanne
Paul Gauguin

2

post-impressionism

-v loose term
-does not define a movement
-groups together ground breaking artists working in France after Impressionism movements peak
-artists worked independently + did not view themselves as part of a collective movement
-abandoned naturalism for own personal art + expressed emotions
-artists influenced generations of artists + laid foundations for some mayor movements of 20th century (expressionism, cubism, fauvism)

3

Vincent Van Gogh birth and death

(1853-1890)

4

Vincent Van Gogh - influenced by

Rembrandt
Pic

5

Vincent Van Gogh - themes

landscapes
still lives
portraits

6

Background

-son of a dutch painter
-worked as art dealer + lay missionary
-became artist at age 27
-art career lased 10 yrs
-suffered from mental health issues
-brother Theo supported him financially
-died by suicide

7

Personal style + techniques

-experimented w/ Impressionism + Pointilism
-developed style in Paris
-style blossomed in Arles
-strong quick brushstrokes creating rhythm + vitality
-Impasto
-strong contrasts of bold colours - express emotions
-simple, flat, colourful shapes
-strong expressive line

8

journey across Europe

moved from: Holland to Paris to Arles

9

The Potato Eaters - subject matter

-family of Dutch peasants + meal of potatoes
-influenced by Millet's paintings of peasants

10

The Potato Eaters - composition

-5 peasants around table
-harsh reality of their existence shown on weathered faces + rough hands (from labouring in fields)
-light from oil lamp focuses painting on people
-foreground: a peasant w/ back to viewer at centre (includes viewer), one in side profile, 3 in front at 3/4 view
-lamp located above + table in centre
-Bg: v. dark, can slightly make out some windows
-woman in centre cropped like in a photograph

11

The Potato Eaters - light/colour

-light focuses painting on people
-glaze of dull colour over bg. Contrast between yellow-ish lamplight to foreground + grim bg
-dark earthy colours typical of his early works
-one artificial light on top centre
-Greens + blues in shadows

12

The Potato Eaters - technique/style

-loose style, not perfectly polished
-uses dabs of colour
-quick brushstrokes

13

Paris + Arles

-Paris - saw Impressionist paintings + influenced by their light + colour
-Painted large no. of self-portraits
-Moved to Arles (South of France) to study the light

14

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - year

1889

15

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - bg

-invited Gauguin to South France, soon began to quarrel. One night, threatened Gauguin w/ razor
-deeply remorseful, cut off part of his own ear

16

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - subject matter

-self portrait, after episode where he cut off part of own ear
-smoking pipe, shows bandaged ear
-shows himself as an imperfect person

17

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - composition

-self portrait from shoulders up, against simple bg
-portrait fills 2/3 of painting
-3/4 view portrait
-wearing large green overcoat / jacket over shirt
-hat w/ furry texture
-white bandage covering right ear
-divided bg into 2 plain areas of colour

18

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - light/colour

-complementary colours: green + red, blue + orange
-flat colours
-tints of blues on hat, coat
-uses orange, blue, red, green, white

19

Self Portrait with Bandaged ear and pipe - techniqe/style

-dark outlines (similar to Gauguin)
-loose style, not perfectly polished
-dabs of colour
-quick brushstrokes

20

The Starry Night - year

1889

21

The Starry Night - bg

-people of Arles signed petition saying he was dangerous
-move to asylum in Saint-Rémy + began painting in hospital gardens

22

The Starry Night - subject matter

-view outside his window in asylum at Saint-Rémy
-painted it during day (from sketches + memory)
-cypress tree, view of village + night sky and moon
-reflect his inner turmoil or response to magic of star-filled sky

23

The Starry Night - technique/style

-loose style, not perfectly polished
-dabs of colour
-quick brush strokes, swirling brush strokes
-strong expressive line
-simple, flat, colourful shapes

24

The Starry Night - composition

-dark vertical cypress tree - prominent place in composition. Unites pic by connecting sky w/ landscape
-relative calm in village contrasts w/ rapid, swirling brushstrokes in night sky
-sky takes up most of painting, about 2/3
-moon in top right corner
-village in bottom of piece, roof of houses seen
-stars amongst night sky
-long cypress tree extends from bottom edge to nearly top edge

25

The Starry Night - light/colour

-mostly used blue
-yellow stars + moon contrast against blue sky
-dark cypress tree contrasted against lighter colours/bright sky
-warm oranges in houses contrast + complement predominantly blue colour scheme
-bright/vibrant sky
-colours used: blue, yellow, orange, green, brown, red, black