The function of the kidney is to maintain...
How does the kidney control isohydria?
By elimination of H+ ions
List the functions of the kidney
- Conservation of essential substances
- Acid-base balance
- Cardiovascular regulation
- Exogenous and endogenous component elimination
- Hormone production
List the anatomical features of the bovine kidney
- No renal pelvis
- Lobular surface
- Pyramids lead to calyxes
- Calyx leads directly to the ureter
The adipose tissue around the renal sinus functions as a...
What is the functional unit of the kidney?
Give the elements of the nephron
- Malpighi body
- Tubular system
How many nephrons are found in each kidney?
What are the 4 basic functions of the nephron?
What % of cardiac output does the kidney receive?
What % of plasma is filtered into the renal tubules?
What is the renal filtration rate? excl. bovine
- 125 ml/min
- 180 l/day
What is the urinary output rate?
Why is the renal filtration rate higher than the urinary output rate?
Fluid is reabsorbed from the tubules
What isn't filtered by the kidney?
What is the bovine renal filtration rate?
List the sections of the tubulary system
- Proximal tubule
- Henle loop
- Distal tubule
- Collecting tubule
Sections of the proximal tubule
- Proximal convoluted tubule
- Proximal straight tubule
Sections of the Henle loop
- Descending thin limb
- Ascending thin limb
- Thick ascending limb
Sections of the distal tubule
- Distal convoluted tubule
- Distal connective tubule
Sections of the collecting duct
- Cortical collecting duct
- Medullary collecting duct
Proximal convoluted tubule (PCT)
Proximal Straight Tubule (PST)
Descending Thin Limb (DTL)
Distal connective tubule (CNT)
Distal convoluted tubule (DCT)
Thick ascending limb (TAL)
Ascending thin limb (ATL)
Cortical collecting duct (CCD)
Medullary collecting duct (MCD)