PHILOSOPHERS - Styles, themes, etc. Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PHILOSOPHERS - Styles, themes, etc. Deck (5)
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1

PLATO

-Was Socrates student
-Shakespeare of his day
-Believed the world is not all as it seems
-Believed only philosophers understand what the world is truly like
-believed in thinking rather than relying on their senses
-Believed that philosophers should be in charge and have all the political power
-Letting people vote was like letting the passengers steer a ship

2

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN Plato and Aristotle

-Plato believed in thinking rather than senses, whereas Aristotle believed in human nature, investigation, research,clear reasoning, and senses. In other words, Plato would philosophize from an armchair

3

ARISTOTLE

-Plato's student
-Almost all of his writing was in lecture notes
-wanted to explore the reality we experience through senses.
-fascinated by details of everything around him
-answer to how we should live; seek happiness (eudaemonia)
-Thought human beings were political animals
-He was so brilliant and his research was so thorough that whoever read his work believed he was right about everything
-Didn't believe in relying on someone else's authority
-Methods were investigation, research, and clear reasoning
-Believes in human nature; we can think and reason

4

SOCRATES

-Snub-nosed, pudgy, shabby, and a bit strange
-Great charisma & a brilliant mind

-Loved to reveal the limits of what people genuinely understood, and to question the assumptions on which they built their lives

-Wisdom for Socrates was not knowing lots of facts or knowing how to do something; rather understanding the true nature of our existence, including the limits of what we can know

-Unusual for a philosopher, Socrates refused to write anything. Talking was better than writing

-What made him so wise was that he kept asking questions and was willing to debate new ideas.
-Life is only worth living if you think about what you are doing

5

SAINT AUGUSTINE

-One of the most important figures in early Western Christianity
-Believed that what we read from biblical text, should not be interpreted literally if it contradicts what we know from science and our God-given reason