PHI 111-Test 4 Flashcards Preview

PHI 111: Philosophy > PHI 111-Test 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PHI 111-Test 4 Deck (38)
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1

What questions do metaphysicians ask?

Is reality one or many?What is the nature of reality?What is time and space?

2

What questions do epistemologists ask?

What is knowledge?What is truth?Can we have genuine knowledge?

3

True or FalsePlato and Aristotle believe that reality consists of two "worlds"

False

4

For Plato reality consists of two "worlds"; name them.....

World of BecomingWorld of Being

5

What is rationalism?

View that reason is the primary source of all knowledge and that only our reasoning abilities can enable us to understand sense experience and reach accurate conclusions

6

What is empiricism?

View that sense experience is the primary source of all knowledge and that only a careful attention to sense experience can enable us to understand the world and achieve accurate conclusions

7

What is materalism?

View that all aspects of the universe are composed of matter and energy and can be explained by physical laws

8

What is dualism?

View that material substance(physical body) and immaterial substance (mind or soul) are two separate aspects of the self

9

What are the Branches of Philosophy?

MetaphysicsEpistemologyEthicsPolitical and Social PhilosophyAestheticsLogic

10

True or FalseRationalists argue that the primary way of acquiring knowledge is through sense experience.

False, empiricists argue this

11

Which group (empiricists or rationalists) argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge?

Rationalists

12

For Plato, where does ultimate reality reside:a) Imaginationb) Sense experiencec) Reasond) Forms

d) Forms

13

What is Heraclitus famous for?

"All is Change" and "Change Alone is Unchanging"

14

Who was famous for saying "To be is to be perceived?"

Berkeley

15

Who said that the knowledgeable world is constructed by the faculties of the mind?

Kant

16

Who argued we are born with intellectual "blank" slates or Tabula Rasa?

Locke

17

Who said there is NO reality outside the mind?

Berkeley

18

Who were the 3 great British empiricists?

LockeBerkeleyHume

19

According to Kant, the world we construct is what "world?"

Phenomenal world

20

For Hume, the logical conclusion of empiricism is........

Skepticism

21

Berkeley was a rationalist.True or False

False

22

True or FalseLocke was an empiricist, but at the same time argued we only had direct access to the ideas in our minds caused by external objects.

True

23

Who claimed that the forms reside in physical objects?

Aristotle

24

Who argued certain knowledge came through the method of doubt?

Descartes

25

Who said all knowledge come from experience?

Locke

26

Who said all justifiable beliefs must be justified by experience?

Hume

27

Who's view leads to solipsism, the view that only I exist and everything else is a creation of my mind?

Berkeley

28

Who argued that, as a philosopher, he was committed to radical skepticism?

Hume

29

What are the primary qualities?

The "properties" of objects that reside in the objects (such as size, shape, weight), independent of our perceptions of the object

30

What are the secondary qualities?

Properties that do not reside within the objects themselves but instead are the power of objects to produce sensations in our mind (such as color, smell, texture, and taste)