Flashcards in PHI 111-Test 4 Deck (38)
What questions do metaphysicians ask?
Is reality one or many?What is the nature of reality?What is time and space?
What questions do epistemologists ask?
What is knowledge?What is truth?Can we have genuine knowledge?
True or FalsePlato and Aristotle believe that reality consists of two "worlds"
For Plato reality consists of two "worlds"; name them.....
World of BecomingWorld of Being
What is rationalism?
View that reason is the primary source of all knowledge and that only our reasoning abilities can enable us to understand sense experience and reach accurate conclusions
What is empiricism?
View that sense experience is the primary source of all knowledge and that only a careful attention to sense experience can enable us to understand the world and achieve accurate conclusions
What is materalism?
View that all aspects of the universe are composed of matter and energy and can be explained by physical laws
What is dualism?
View that material substance(physical body) and immaterial substance (mind or soul) are two separate aspects of the self
What are the Branches of Philosophy?
MetaphysicsEpistemologyEthicsPolitical and Social PhilosophyAestheticsLogic
True or FalseRationalists argue that the primary way of acquiring knowledge is through sense experience.
False, empiricists argue this
Which group (empiricists or rationalists) argue that we enter the world with innate knowledge?
For Plato, where does ultimate reality reside:a) Imaginationb) Sense experiencec) Reasond) Forms
What is Heraclitus famous for?
"All is Change" and "Change Alone is Unchanging"
Who was famous for saying "To be is to be perceived?"
Who said that the knowledgeable world is constructed by the faculties of the mind?
Who argued we are born with intellectual "blank" slates or Tabula Rasa?
Who said there is NO reality outside the mind?
Who were the 3 great British empiricists?
According to Kant, the world we construct is what "world?"
For Hume, the logical conclusion of empiricism is........
Berkeley was a rationalist.True or False
True or FalseLocke was an empiricist, but at the same time argued we only had direct access to the ideas in our minds caused by external objects.
Who claimed that the forms reside in physical objects?
Who argued certain knowledge came through the method of doubt?
Who said all knowledge come from experience?
Who said all justifiable beliefs must be justified by experience?
Who's view leads to solipsism, the view that only I exist and everything else is a creation of my mind?
Who argued that, as a philosopher, he was committed to radical skepticism?
What are the primary qualities?
The "properties" of objects that reside in the objects (such as size, shape, weight), independent of our perceptions of the object