PHI 111-Test 3 Flashcards Preview

PHI 111: Philosophy > PHI 111-Test 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in PHI 111-Test 3 Deck (59)
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1

According to Plato, the soul is not capable of knowing the Forms.

False

2

Descartes believed the self was dualistic.

True

3

Descartes believed the self was dualistic.

True

4

Materialism is the view that the universe is explainable in terms of physical laws.

True

5

Belief in indeterminism allows people to choose their spiritual destiny.

True

6

Belief in libertarianism allows people to avoid responsibility for their actions.

False

7

External constraints are the limitations to our autonomy imposed by ourselves.

False

8

Internal constraints are the limitations imposed by our environment/circumstances.

False

9

Phenomenologists argue that the self is purely physical.

False

10

Empiricism is the epistemological view that sense experience is the primary source of all knowledge.

True

11

Rationalism is the epistemological view that reason and sense experience provide knowledge.

True

12

Eliminative materialists argue that the self consists of mental and physical components.

False

13

Phenomenology attempts to clarify our understanding of experience and how we experience the world.

True

14

Kant argues that the self transcends the senses and unifies our experiences.

True

15

Churchland believed a new neuroscience vocabulary will enable us to communicate clearly about consciousness and human experience.

True

16

Belief in determinism prevents people from becoming better persons.

True

17

Freedom is the ability to do what one wants.

False

18

To increase personal freedom, one must confront external and internal constraints, thus creating options from which to choose.

True

19

Belief in compatibilism prevents people from participating in a revolution.

False

20

Belief in compatibilism prevents people from participating in a revolution.

False

21

Dennett argues that freedom is an objective phenomenon distinct to humans.

True

22

Psychic coercion is an internal constraint that compromises one's autonomy and limits one's personal freedom.

True

23

Psychic coercion is an internal constraint that compromises one's autonomy and limits one's personal freedom.

True

24

Of the following, Socrates believed what about the soul?

It is immortal.

25

According to Plato, the soul consists of:

All of the above (reason, physical appetite, and spirit)

26

According to Descartes, what is the manner in which to seek truth?

method of doubt

27

According to Descartes, the soul is governed by:

A and B (God and laws of reason)

28

According to Descartes, the soul is governed by:

A and B (God and laws of reason)

29

According to Locke, the mind is a(n):

tabula rasa

30

According to Locke, the mind is a(n):

tabula rasa