Flashcards in Phase 3 Mod 2 Deck 2 Deck (83)
What are the primary functions of the nose?
1. Detect olfactory stimuli (smell)
2. Warm, moisten, and filter incoming air
__________ is an inflammation of the large airways of the lung(s).
***often follows pneumonia***
What are the two main causes of tibial stress syndrome?
1. Overload injures - exercising on hard surfaces, ill fitting shoes, excessive uphill/downhill running
2. Biomechanical inefficiencies (arches of the feet)
***Pes planus (low arch; Pes cavus (high arch)***
What metal, used in some jewelry, has been associated with causing contact dermatitis?
__________ is the inflammation of a hair follicle cause by infection.
What is the function of glucagon?
Glucagon increases the release of glucose from the live into the blood stream.
What medications can be prescribed to patients suffering from dermatitis?
Corticosteroids and Antihistamines
Which knee ligament is most commonly injured in self inflicted sporting accidents?
Anterior Cruciate Ligament
What are the four ligaments of the knee?
1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament
2. Posterior Cruciate Ligament
3. Medial Collateral Ligament
4. Lateral Collateral Ligament
What is the best way to prevent bullae?
Reduce; minimize friction to the affected area.
Ex: selecting properly fitted boots.
***Bullae (Bulla) = Blisters***
__________ is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the tracheobronchial tree, characterized by mild to severe obstruction of airflow and mucus production.
What is the appropriate sequence for an abdominal assessment?
Look - Pulsating masses; distention; bruising
Listen - Auscultate BEFORE agitating
Feel - Palpate; feel
__________ is a chemical produced by the pancreas that promotes glucose entry into most cells.
While is bile, produced in the liver, stored?
__________ is a fungal infection of the feet.
Tinea pedis (athlete's foot)
What is the typical appearance of tinea corporis?
Usually appear ring shape that looks though a worm is under the skin (ringworm).
__________ results is watery/loose stools for more than 2 weeks.
What is the order of injures sustained by the knee ligaments from most common to least common?
1. Anterior Cruciate Ligament - usually self inflicted
2. Medial Collateral Ligament - hit from lateral side
3. Lateral Collateral Ligament - hit from medial side
4. Posterior Cruciate Ligament - hit from anterior
__________ are caused by different strains of the human papilloma virus (HPV).
***The virus embeds in the skin DNA and causes the skin to grow excessively causing the wart to grow***
When testing for compartment syndrome (CS) (compartment pressure testing), what is a positive indication of CS?
A pressure greater than 45 mmHg or when the pressure is within 30 mmHg of the diastolic BP.
__________ is an acute bacterial infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues.
What does the term "erythematous" refer to?
Erythematous: Forming/appearing on a red base
Ex: the herpes vesicles appeared on an erythematous base.
What is a sprain?
Stretching or tearing of the ligaments
What is the strongest identifiable predisposing factor for the development of asthma?
Atopy (immediate hypersensitivity reaction to an allergen)
***Obesity is increasingly becoming a factor***
What is peritonitis?
Inflammation of the peritoneum
***usually assessed via positive rebound tenderness***
A __________ is a flat, discolored lesion.
A Macule is a flat, discolored lesion.
__________ is a partial or complete bone fracture that results from repeated stress to a bone.
***Stress fractures occur as a result of repetitive overuse injury to a bone eventually leading to failure of the bone, or fracture.***
When assessing any form of skin lesion(s), what characteristics are you looking for?
1. Any elevation (flat or raised)
2. Color of the lesion (red, pink, white, blue, brown, black)
3. Any drainage? (If yes, is it cloudy, bloody, pus [color of])
4. Appearance (fluid filled or solid)
5. Any odor?
6. Is the skin scaly, smooth or crusted over
__________ is a bacterial infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues resulting in a "pus pocket" that must be drained.
Cutaneous (Skin) Abscess
***Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus (MRSA) is commonly seen in abscesses***