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Flashcards in Phase 3 Mod 2 Deck 1 Deck (132)
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1

_________ is a medical reason not to give a medication.

Contraindication

2

__________ is the movement of the limbs toward the medial plane of the body or the axial line of a limb.

Adduction

***adding to the body***

3

_________ is the level of a medication in the blood in which tissue damage is likely.

Toxic level

4

What is the maximum recommended daily dose of acetaminophen?

3g
(3,000 mg)

5

What is penicillinase?

An enzyme produced by penicillin resistant bacterium which blocks penicillin inside the bacterium.

6

What is the approximate dose of toxicity associated with a single dose of acetaminophen ingestion?

Approximately 7 - 10 grams
(150 mg/kg)

7

How many points should NSAIDs be expected to lower pain on the 0-10 pain scale?

Lowered by 1-2 points

Ex. If pain was a 7, NSAIDs should lower pain to 5

8

__________ is an inflammation of the tendons that join the forearm muscles on the inner and outer aspects of the elbow.

Epicondylitis

***The elbow joint is made up of the humerus and ulna. The bony prominences at the distal portion of the humerus are called the epicondyles.

9

What is the most common cause of shoulder dislocations?

Falling

10

_________ are broad spectrum antibiotics that are effective against both gram-positive and gram-negative bacterium.

Macrolides

11

Which classification of medications is commonly utilized for patients suffering from acute asthmatic exacerbations?

Corticosteroids

12

What is diffusion?

The flow of gas or liquid from an area of higher concentration to an area of lesser concentration.

13

What are the two types of cyclo-oxygenase (COX)?

COX 1 - involved in the formation of prostaglandins that maintain the integrity of the gastrointestinal mucosa.

COX 2 - is made primarily in response to injury or inflammation and is involved in the formation of prostaglandins which cause inflammation.

14

_________ is the variable levels of a medication within the blood, between the therapeutic level and the toxic level.

Therapeutic range

***Some medications have a "narrow" therapeutic range and require very close monitoring***

15

What is the approximate half-life of Narcan?

0.5 - 1.5 hours
(30 - 90 minutes)

16

After a rapid ascent, your patient develops signs of dyspnea while at rest, cyanosis, rales, and tachypnea. What form of altitude sickness should you suspect?

HAPE - High Altitude Pulmonary Edema

17

Their are three anatomical planes of the human body. What are they?

1. Sagittal (vertical): equal left and right halves
2. Coronal (frontal): front and back plane
3. Axial (transverse): upper and lower (midline; waist)

18

What classification of medications are commonly prescribed for acute back pain and/or spasms?

Muscle relaxers

1. Methocarbamol (Robaxin)
2. Cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)

19

Why are different bacterias determined to be either gram-positive or gram-negative?

Different classes of bacteria require different antibiotics or different dosing because of their own metabolism.

20

_________ is the study of substances that interact with living organisms through chemical processes.

Pharmacology

21

What is the approximate half-life of morphine sulfate?

2 - 3 hours
(120 - 180 minutes)

22

What is the approximate half-life of ketamine?

2.5 hours
(150 minutes)

23

What is a gradient?

The difference in pressures from the high concentration to the lower concentration.

24

How many generations of cephalosporins are there?

Four:

1. 1st: gram-positive bacterium (cefazolin, cephalexin)
2. 2nd: gram-positive bacterium (cefuroxime)
3. 3rd: gram-positive/negative bacterium (Rocephin)
4. 4th: gram-positive/negative bacterium (cefipme)

25

Which anatomical plane separates the body into superior and inferior portions?

Axial (transverse)

***upper and lower (midline; waist)***

26

What is tendon attrition?

Weakening of the tendons

***could be caused by bone spurs rubbing together***

27

Which anatomical plane separates the body into anterior and posterior portions?

Coronal (frontal)

***front and back plane***

28

Topical corticosteroids are categorized in groups by strength from 1 - 7. Which end of the spectrum is the strongest? Which end of the spectrum is the weakest?

1 is the strongest (prescription); 7 is the weakest (OTC)

29

How does penicillin work?

Inhibiting cell wall production of peptidoglycan

***against gram-positive, aerobic organisms***

30

__________ is a cerebral and/or pulmonary syndrome(s) that can develop in unacclimatized persons shortly after ascent to high altitude.

High Altitude Illness