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Flashcards in Pharmacology-S Deck (332)
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1

Right eye abbreviation:

OD

2

Left ear abbreviation:

AS

3

Both eyes abbreviation:

OU

4

Before meals abbreviation:

AC

5

After meals abbreviation:

PC

6

As needed abbreviation:

PRN

7

Placed into the mouth and swallowed abbreviation:

PO, per os by mouth, orally

8

Injected into an artery abbreviation:

IA intra-arterial

9

Injected into the peritoneal cavity abbreviation:

IP intraperitoneal

10

A 12.5 lb cat needs to have ketamine anesthesia administered at a dose of 22 mg/kg. The ketamine concentration is 100 mg/ml.
a. What is the cat’s weight in kg?
b. What is the dose of ketamine in mg needed?
c. What is the dose of ketamine in mls needed?

a. 12.5/2.2=5.68=5.7kg
b. 5.7kg x 22mg/kg=125.4mg
c. 125.4mg/100mg/ml=1.254=1.3mls

11

A dog weighing 100 lb needs to have an antibiotic regimen and the dose is 5 mg/kg po sid for 30 days. The antibiotic comes in 50 and 100 mg tablets.
a. What is the weight in kg?
b. What is the ordered dose in mg?
c. How many 50mg tablets should be given?
d. How many 100 mg tablets should be given?

a. 100#/2.2kg=45.45=45.4kg
b. 45.4kg x 5mg/kg=90.8mg
c. 2-50mg=90 30days x 2tab= 60tab
d. 1-100mg 30days x 1tab=30tab

12

A 45kg dog needs medications dosed at 1 mg/lb and comes in 25, 75 and 100 mg tablets.
a. What is the weight in kg?
b. How many of what tablets would be dispensed for 14 days to minimize the number of tablets?

a. 45kg x 2.2#=99#
b. 1-100mg 14days x 1=14tab

13

A 50lb dog needs a drug dosed at 50 mg/kg, given once daily for three days.
a. What is the weight in kg?
b. The drug concentration is 100 mg/ml, how many mls would the dog receive per dose?
c. How many mls would need to be dispensed?
d. How many ounces will this equal?

a. 50#/2.2kg=22.7272=22.7kg
b. 22.7kg x 50mg/kg=1,135mg 1,135mg/100mg/ml=11.35mls
c. 11.35mls x 3=34.05mls
d. 1oz=30mls 34.05mls/30mls=1.135oz

14

What structures constitute the urinary system?

kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra

15

Renal damage may be categorized by ____, ____, or _____

prerenal, renal, postrenal

16

Explain how diuretics work.

by removing excess extracellular fluid, by increasing urine volume and sodium excretion, and by decreasing hypertension

17

What supplement may be administered in conjunction with loop diuretics?

potassium

18

ACE inhibitors block the conversation of angiotensin I to _____

angiotensin II

19

Urinary acidifiers are used to produce acid urine, which assists in dissolving and preventing the formation of _____ uroliths

struvite

20

The renal cortex produces ______; thus chronic renal failure can cause an absolute or relative _____ in its production.

Erythropoietin, decrease(anemia)

21

Why is furosemide referred to as a loop diuretic?

loop diuretics inhibit the tubular reabsorption of sodium

22

Where is ADH secreted?

posterior pituitary gland

23

The ureters:
a. originate from the urinary bladder and lead to the outside of the body
b. originate from the kidneys and connect with the urinary bladder
c. are found inside the nephrons
d. are found inside the glomerulus

a. originate from the urinary bladder and lead to the outside of the body

24

Persistently high blood pressure is known as?

hypertension

25

Diuretics are used to remove intracellular/extracellular fluid?

extracellular

26

Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is normally secreted by the anterior/posterior pituitary gland?

posterior

27

What part of the kidney is responsible for the reabsoprtion, or the secretion, of certain substances?

tubules

28

T/F Patients with renal failure are at a lesser anesthetic risk than patients with normal renal function.

false

29

Loop diuretics inhibit the tubular reabsorption of _____.

sodium

30

Cardiac cells are connected by intercalated disks and a fusion of cell membranes to form a ____

Syncytium (interconnected mass)