Flashcards in Pharmacology in midwifery Deck (106)
What are the 4 main principles of quality use of medicines?
Which regulatory body is respinsable for the regulation of medicines in Australia?
The therapeutic drugs administration (TGA)
What is a teratogen?
any substance that interferes with normal fetal development causing one or more developmental abnormalities
What is a mutagen?
a chemical or physical agent that causes a genetic mutation or increases the mutation rate
What is a carcinogen?
any agent that causes the development of cancer or increases its incidence
What is the role of the midwife in terms of pharmacology?
- education regarding indication, adverse effects, transfer to baby and safety in pregnancy/breastfeeding
- assistance in informed decision making
- appropriate administration
- assessing adverse drug effects
- interpreting and following standing orders
- working within local prescribing frameworks
What are the main antibiotics listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
- amoxycillin & clavulanic acid
What is the name of the 2 eyedrops/eardrops listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
- framycetin sulfate
What are the main anti-inflammatories that are listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
What contraceptives are listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
- etonogestrel implant
What is the main anti-emetic listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
What opiod analgesic is listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
What antacid is listed on the PBS for midwife prescribing?
What are the main indications for giving antibiotics in the perinatal period?
- urinary tract infection
- GBS prophylaxis
- perineal infection
- caesarean wound infection
- neonatal skin infection
What is the usual indication for giving metochlopramide in the perinatal period?
relief of nausea and vomiting (particularly intrapartum)
What is the main anticonvulsant given in the perinatal period (particularly for preeclampsia)?
What is the antidote to magnesium sulphate?
What are the 2 antidotes to metochlopramide?
What are the 2 main antifungals that are usually given to treat vulvovaginal, nipple or neonatal oral thrush?
What is the generic name for the antiviral used to manage herpes simplex virus in late pregnancy?
Which benzodiazepine is often given for rest and relaxation in early non-active labour?
Which 2 drugs act as dopamine-agonists and may be given to stimulate lactation postnatally?
What are the 2 key corticosteroids that may be given antenatally where there is threatened preterm labour?
What is the immunoglobulin that is usually recommended to Rhesus (D) negative women with suspected rhesus positive pregnancies?
Human anti-D IgG
What is the antagonist given to women or infants to reverse the action of opiods in labour?
What are the 2 most common NSAIDs given for postpartum analgesia?
- Diclofenac sodium
What prostaglandin may be indicated for management of PPH?
What drug may be used to manage anaphylaxis?
What antihypertensive is also used as a tocolytic?