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Flashcards in Pharmacology Deck (378)
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1

Reasons for drug use (can be different things)

indicators

2

Reasons for not using (side effects)

contraindications

3

What happens to drugs in body

pharmacokinetics

4

How drugs exert their effects

pharmacodynamics

5

Adverse drug reactions

toxicity

6

The set of circumstances that must exist between the veterinarian, the client, and the patient before the dispensing of prescription drugs is appropriate

veterinarian-client-patient relationship

7

T/F Drugs sources are traditionally plant and mineral origin.

true

8

What are the active components of plants for drug sources?

alkaloids, glycosides, gums oils and resins

9

_____ and ____ produce many antibiotics and anthelmintics.

bacteria, mold

10

Mineral sources of drugs include the?

electrolytes

11

What does pharmaco mean?

means drug or medicine

12

What is pharmacology?

the study of drugs

13

What is kinetics?

the scientific study of motion

14

An undesirable response to a drug by a patient. It may vary in severity from mild to fatal.

adverse drug reaction

15

A drug that brings about a specific action by binding with the appropriate receptor

agonist

16

A drug that inhibits a specific action by binding with a particular receptor

antagonist

17

Any manipulation performed to produce a dosage-form drug, other than the manipulations described in the directions for use on the labeling of an approved drug product

compounding

18

A substance used to diagonse, prevent, or treat disease

drug

19

The extent to which a drug causes the intended effects in a patient

efficacy

20

The use of a drug that is not specifically listed on the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved label

extralabel use

21

The amount of time (usually expressed in hours) that it takes for the quantity of a drug in the body to be reduced by 50%

half-life

22

The bulk production of drugs for resale outside of the veterinarian-client-patient relationship

manufacturing

23

The biochemical process that alters a drug from an active form to a form that is inactive or that can be eliminated from the body

metabolism(biotransformation)

24

The route of administration of injectable drugs

parenteral

25

The ratio of the solubility of substances between two states in which they may be found

partition coefficient

26

A drug that is limited to use under the supervision of a veterinarian because of potential danger, difficulty of administration, or other considerations . The legend that designates a prescription drug states the dollowing "Caution: Federal law restricts this drug to use by or on the order of a licensed veterinarian"

prescription drug

27

List 4 parts of the regimen.

the route, the dose (how much), and the duration (for how long of) administration, the time and frequency

28

An amount of a drug still present in animal tissue or products at a particular point

residue

29

The length of time it takes for a drug to be eliminated from animal tissue or products after it is no longer used

withdrawal time

30

What is pharmacokinetics?

the study of drug motion, which includes absorption, blood levels, distribution, metabolism, and excretion of drugs