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The branch of science that examines how psychoactive substances taken to alter bodily functions or enhance bodily functions interact with the brain and body

Pharmacology

1

Any drug that affects the central nervous system and alters consciousness and/or perceptions

Psychoactive substance

2

The physical signs and symptoms of a psychoactive substance.

Physiological effects

3

Alterations in perception and or judgment caused by a psychoactive substance

Psychological effects

4

Physiological and psychological effects of two or more psychoactive substances that are administered simultaneously

Chemical interaction

5

Signs and symptoms that occur when an individual who is physically dependent upon a psychoactive substance discontinues its use

Withdrawal

6

The method of detoxification, stabilization and maintenance that is unique to each client in order to facilitate sobriety

Treatment applications

7

After repeated administration, a given dose of a psychoactive substance produces a decreased effect or, conversely, when increasingly larger doses must be administered to obtain the effect observed with the original dose

Tolerance

8

The ability of pharmacologically similar psychoactive substances to substitute one other in relation to tolerance preventing and withdrawal symptoms

Cross-tolerance

9

The process of eliminating all psychoactive substances from an individuals body

Detoxification

10

The level of risk associated with a psychoactive substance that potentially leads to repeated use and/or dependence

Abuse liability

11

Psychoactive substances that have a demonstrated abuse liability and are regulated by the dea

Controlled substances

12

Psychoactive substances specifically invented with a different molecular chemical formula of similar controlled substances to evade law-enforcement

Designer psychoactive substance

13

A series of cells that prevents certain chemicals from reaching the brain

Blood brain barrier

14

Buy products from liver breaking down a psychoactive substance that can be eliminated from the body

Metabolites

15

The process of breaking down a psychoactive substance from the body

Metabolism

16

The amount of time necessary to eliminate one half of the original dosage of the psychoactive substance from the body

Half-life

17

The process of ridding psychoactive substance from the body by excreting it either through urine feces sweat saliva or breath

Elimination

18

Substance that is legally obtained

Licit psychoactive substance

19

What is: Licit psychoactive substance

Substance that is legally obtained

20

What is illicit substance

Substance that is illegal to, purchase, manufacture or sale

21

The brain and the spinal cord

Central nervous system

22

What are all of the neurons outside of the central nervous system

The peripheral nervous system

23

An internal stability and balance that the central and peripheral nervous systems work to accomplish

Homeostasis

24

Part of the nervous system that is responsible for a persons state of arousal

Reticular activating system

25

Part of the CNS that's responsible for emotion

Lambic system

26

Part of the CNS that's responsible for involuntary and fine motor skills

Basal ganglia

27

Part of the limbic system that acts as a liaison between the CNS and the autonomic nervous system

Hypothalamus

28

Part of the limbic system that controls voluntary motor skills and sensory input

Cerebral cortex

29

A component of the PNS that monitors unconscious bodily functions, such as heart rate, breathing, and digestion.

Autonomic nervous system