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Flashcards in Pediatrics Deck (64)
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1

Atypical or walking pneumonia is caused by what pathogen?

mycoplasma

2

a child with a fever lasting longer than 5 days should make you think of what diagnosis?

kawasaki syndrome

3

a widely split fixed S2 should make you think of what diagnosis?

ASD

4

List the five major jones criteria for diagnosing rheumatic fever.

polyarthritis, erythema marginatum, chorea, carditis, subcuticular nodes
(major PECCS)

5

pale and boggy nasal mucose should make you think of what diagnosis?

allergic rhinitis

6

what organism is th most common cause of otitis media?

S. pneumonia

7

which viral exanthem often has conjunctivitis as one of its symptoms?

measles/rubella

8

by what age should a child be able to roll over?

4 months

9

what is the x-ray finding that supports diagnosis of a slipped capital femoral epiphysis?

ice cream falling off the cone

10

a cxr finding of notched ribs in a child should make you think of what diagnosis?

coarctation of the aorta

11

bruises may be purple, green, yellow and brown. how many days old is a yellow bruise?

purple day 1-5, green day 5-7, yellow 7-10, brown 10-14
(a purple seed plants a green tree, which leaves turn yellow, then brown)

12

a four y/o M presents between october and march with wheezing, coughing, a runny nose and increased respiratory rate. what is the most likely pathogen?

respiratory syncytial virus

13

a child with bulky greasy stool should make you think of what diagnosis?

Cystic fibrosis

14

describe erythema marginatum

pink rings on the trunk and inner surfaces of the limbs.

15

a palpable olive shaped epigastric mass in a one month old should make you think of what dx?

pyloric stenosis

16

german measles is also known as what disease?

rubella

17

by what age should a child be able to hold up her head?

3 months

18

at what age should a child begin to say momma and dada?

12 months

19

what is the medical term for cross eyed?

strabismus

20

first line treatment for pertussis

erythromycin

21

koplik spots

measles/rubeola

22

How long should you wait for a swallowed marble to pass through the body before considering surgery?

24 hours

23

Is an upper respiratory infection which includes hoarseness most likely bacterial or viral?

viral

24

In order to diagnose rheumatic fever what one thing must you have?

Evidence of a strep infection either positive titer or positive culture.
In addition to that you need
2 major criteria or 1 major
and 2 minor criteria.

25

what is the treatment for volvulus in a child?

barium enema

26

first line treatment in mycoplasma pneumonia?

a macrolide erythromycin and azithromycin

27

what is pertussis more commonly referred as?

whooping cough

28

An overweight 15 year old boy with a limp presents to your office complaining of knee pain. There is no history of trauma. What diagnosis should you be thinking of?

slipped capital femoral epiphysis

29

a premature infant with hyaline membrane disease will have what appearance on CXR?

bilateral atelectasis or ground glass appearance

30

A salter harris type III fracture affects what area of the bone?

The physis (growth plate) as well as the epiphysis