Pathological causes and clinical features if mitral and aortic valvular lesions Flashcards Preview

MD3001 - Cardiology Clinical > Pathological causes and clinical features if mitral and aortic valvular lesions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pathological causes and clinical features if mitral and aortic valvular lesions Deck (8)
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1

Pathological cause of mitral stenosis

Rheumatic fever

2

Pathological cause of mitral incompetence

Rheumatic fever
Dilation of mitral valve annulus
Papillary muscle fibrosis and dysfunction
Mucoid degeneration of valve cusps (prolapses)

3

Pathological cause of aortic stenosis

Calcific degeneration
Rheumatic fever

4

Pathological cause of aortic incompetence

Rheumatic fever
Dilation of aortic root
Some rheumatological disorders

5

Clinical features of mitral stenosis

Pulmonary hypertension, left atrial and right ventricular hypertrophy
Opening snap and diastolic murmur

6

Clinical features of mitral incompetence

Variable haemodynamic effects
Pansystolic murmur
Mid-systolic click and late systolic murmur in mitral prolapse

7

Clinical features of aortic stenosis

Ejection systolic murmur
Left ventricular hypertrophy
Angina, syncope, left ventricular failure or sudden death

8

Clinical features of aortic incompetence

Diastolic murmur
Wide pulse pressure, collapsing pulse, angina, left ventricular failure