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1

Which of the following foods has the highest proportion of unsaturated fats? milk, beef steak, salmon steak, chocolate, or coconut oil?

Coconut oil

2

What are some examples of monosaccharides?

glucose (dextrose), fructose (levulose), and galactose.

3

Are vitamins only soluble in water?

The majority are but not all

4

Are vitamins complex organic molecules?

yes

5

Can we store vitamins in our body for a long time?

Only those that are fat soluble

6

Which supplement is most effective at fighting the common cold?

Zinc

7

Which organ makes bile?

The liver

8

What is the definition of obesity?

>30

9

Are B cells involved in innate immune responses?

no - the adaptive

10

Are interferons produced by plasma cells?

no!

11

What substances do effector cytotoxic T cells release?

Interferon

12

Smallpox virus is related to?

Cowpox

13

Antibodies are produced by?

plasma cells aka specialized white blood cells

14

What happens during an inflammatory response in the body?

There is a leakage of fluids into connective tissue

15

What is the best type of fat for the body?

Monounsaturated fats and polyunsaturated fats

16

What is the worst type of fat for the body?

Saturated and Trans fats.

17

How much sodium should you eat per serve?

stay within 800 milligrams of sodium per meal,

18

How much fibre should you eat per serve?

14 grams for every 1,000 calories

19

What are 3 chemical substances and two specific white blood cells involved in the innate immune response?

Macrophages release cytokines when finding intruders in the body which call for back up. aka neutrophils and natural killer cells which are all non specific.

20

What is the role of dentritic cells in adaptive immune response?

Dendritic cells (DCs), named for their probing, 'tree-like' or dendritic shapes, are responsible for the initiation of adaptive immune responses

21

What are the differences between primary and secondary immune responses?

Primary Immune Response is the reaction of the immune system when it contacts an antigen for the first time. Secondary Immune Response is the reaction of the immune system when it contacts an antigen for the second and subsequent times

22

Mast cells release a signal in a form of what? when coming across intruder cells in the body.

Histamine, causing blood to rush to that area causing inflamation and the increase of white blood cells in that area

23

Mast cells release a signal in a form of what? when coming across intruder cells in the body.

Histamine, causing blood to rush to that area causing inflammation and the increase of white blood cells in that area