p. 498-506 Flashcards Preview

Ch 17 Cardiovascular Emergencies > p. 498-506 > Flashcards

Flashcards in p. 498-506 Deck (45)
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1

T/F According to the CDC heart disease is the leading cause of death in both men an women accounting for 600,000 die each year

True

2

What is the most common type of heart disease responsible for more than 385,000 deaths each year

Coronary artery disease

3

In the US someone has a heart attack every

34 seconds

4

In the US a person dies from a heart disease event every

minute

5

Signs and symptoms of the many possible cardiac conditions, referred to as

cardiac compromise

6

this will destroy the clot and restore blood flow to the heart.

mechanical therapy or angioplasty

7

this is a condition that causes the smallest of arterial structures to become stiff and less elastic. Often referred to as "hardening of the arteries"

Arteriosclerosis

8

This is a form of Arteriosclerosis, that is a systemic arterial disease

Atherosclerosis

9

anthere means

gruel or porridge

10

scleros means

hard

11

this is an inflammatory disease that starts within the innermost lining of the blood vessels, where endothelial cells become damaged

atherosclerosis

12

the buidup of fatty deposits is also known as

atherosclerosis

13

when a patient has a buildup of fatty deposits on the inside of the coronary arteries, the condition is called

coronary artery disease

14

fatty deposits reduce the coronary arteries ablilty to

dialate or become larger and deliever blood flow to the heart

15

this syndrome is a result from a variety of conditions that can affect the heart in which the coronary arteries are narrowed or occluded by fat deposits, clots, or spasm.

acute coronary syndrome

16

the word acute refers to

sudden onset

17

the word coronary refers to

condition affecting coronary arteries

18

The word syndrome refers to

a group of signs and symptoms produced by the condition.

19

name the 2 conditions that are part of any acute coronary syndrome

unstable angina
myocardial infraction (heart attack)

20

a heart muscle not receiving an adequate amount of oxygenated blood because of the narrowing of coronary arteries by plaque or spasms, clot formation inside the coronary artery blocking the blood flow results in

cardiac cell hypoxia

21

cardiac cell hypoxia is also known as

myocardial ischemia

22

myo refers to

muscles

23

cardio refers to

heart

24

this refers to a deficient supply of oxygenated blood

ischemia

25

myocardial ischemia is a state in which there is

inadequate delivery of oxygen to the heart muscle

26

a typical response of the heart to ischemia in a patient is

chest discomfort

27

this is a symptom commonly associated with coronary artery disease which literally means pain in the chest

angina pectoris

28

this term indicates angina discomfort that is prolonged and worsening, or that occurs without exertion and when patient is at rest

unstable angina

29

classic angina is typically relieved with rest and

nitroglycerin

30

stedy discomfort in the chest
described as pressure, tightness, aching
discomfort in the shoulders, arms, neck, jaw, back
cool, clammy skin
anxiety
dyspnea
diaphoresis
indigestion pain

signs and symptoms of:
angina pectoris