Overview of Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

SF3-EXAM 4 (CAMELITA) > Overview of Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Overview of Reproductive System Deck (60)
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31

What is the main cause of penis infection?

Yeast infections

*STDs are the second cause

32

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33

What is the course of the superficial dorsal vein?

  • Runs backwards in the subcutaneous tissue
  • Inclines to the right or left
  • Opens into the corresponding superficial external pudendal vein

*The external pudendal vein drains into the great saphenous vein

34

The superficial dorsal vein of the penis drains the ____---- and __________.

Prepuse and skin of penis

35

The deep dorsal vein is branch of the ___________.

Internal iliac vein

36

The _________ nerves control genital erection in both sexes. 

Pelvic splanchnic nerve

*The pelvic splanic nerve contains parasympathetic fibers from S2 to S4

37

The inferior hypogastric plexus is formed from the joining of _______ and _________.

Hypogastric nerves

Pelvic splanchnic nerves

38

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39

As a zygote, egg normally impants on posterior wall of the _______.

Fundus

40

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41

What is the normal angle betweeen the vaginal canal and the cervix?

90 degrees

42

Function of the ovaries

  • Produce female gametes through oogenesis
  • Produce female hormones (estrogen and progesterone)

43

Ovaries

  • Located in the pelvic cavity
  • Suspended by the suspensory ligament
  • Attached to the uterus by the ovarian ligament

NOTE: Eggs are ovulated into the peritoneal cavity

44

The _________ of an oviduct provides a window through which bacteria can enter the peritoneal cavity after traveling up the vagina, uterus and oviducts.

Ostium

45

Fibroid tumor

A benign tumor of fibrous tissue that may occur in the myometrium of the uterine wall

*May be totally without symptoms or may cause abnormal menstrual patterns or infertility

46

Label

NOTE: The fallopian tube is located between

47

Feritlization usually occurs in the __________.

Oviducts

*Movement of the egg is controlled by peristalsis and cilia. Fibrae move egg into the infundibulum

48

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49

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50

Lowest portion of the abdominopelvic cavity

Rectouterine pouch

NOTE: This is a shite where infection and fluids typically collect

51

The peritoneal cavity is completely enclosed except: _____, ______, and ______.

  • The infundibulum of the oviducts
  • Fimbriae
  • Ovary

52

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53

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54

What are the three parts of the broad ligament?

Mesometrium

Mesosalpinx

Mesovarium

55

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56

In women, a _______________ separates the posterior surface of the vagina from the rectum.

Rectovaginal septum

57

Label

NOTE: If the uterosacral ligament becomes too weak then prolaspe occurs and the eggs cannot fertilize.

58

The uterine artery is a branch of the _________.

Internal iliac artery 

NOTE: The vaginal artery is a branch of the uterine artery

59

The vaginal artery is analogous to the __________ artery in a male. 

Inferior vesical

NOTE: It descends upon the vagina and branches to the neck of the bladder

60

The ureter is crossed by the ________ artery.

Uterine

NOTE: During a hysterectomy, the ureter can be mistakenly cut instead of the uterine artery.