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Flashcards in Overdoses Deck (17)
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1

Treatment for paracetamol overdose

activated charcoal if less than 1hr
N-acetylcysteine
Liver transplantation

2

Treatment salicylate (aspirin) overdose

- haemodialysis
- urinary alkalization used to be used

3

Opioids overdose

Naloxone

4

Benzodiazepines overdose

Flumazenil

5

Tricyclic antidepressants overdose

IV bicarbonate
This is to correct the acidosis

6

Lithium overdose

give saline if a not large overdose
haemodialysis

7

Warfarin overdose

Vitamin K, prothrombin complex

8

Heparin overdose

protamine sulfate

9

Beta-blockers overdose

If bradycardic, the atropine
Glucagon can also be used

10

Ethylene glycol (anti-freeze) injestion

1). Fomepizole, an inhibitor of alcohol dehydrogenase
2). use ethanol
3). Haemodialysis in occasional cases

11

Methanol poisoning overdose

fomepizole or ethanol
haemodialysis

12

Organophosphate insecticides

atropine

13

Digoxin overdose

Digoxin-specific antibody fragments

14

Iron overdose

desferrioxamine, a chelating agent

15

Lead overdose

Dimercaprol, calcium edetate

16

Carbon monoxide

100% oxygen
hyperbaric oxygen

17

Cyanide

Hydroxocobalamin, also a combination of amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, and sodium thiosulfate