OSHA & HIPAA Guidelines (9/5b) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in OSHA & HIPAA Guidelines (9/5b) Deck (25)
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1

What does OSHA stand for (OSHA)

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

2

What does OSHA deal with (OSHA)

only blood borne pathogens

3

Blood borne pathogens (BBP) (OSHA)

Spread by blood and body fluids that can contain blood

EX: semen, vaginal secretions, amniotic fluid, spinal fluid, fluid around the heart, lungs, joints, tissues

4

Prevalent BBPs (OSHA)

HIV, Hep B, Hep C

5

Biggest BBP risk in healthcare (OSHA)

Hepatitis B

6

Modes of BBP transmission (OSHA)

Workplace: Puncture wounds, Open wound/broken skin, Mucous membranes

Outside of Work: Sexual contact, Drug use, Blood transfusion

7

Which BBP has a vaccination (OSHA)

HBV

8

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as part of Universal Precautions (OSHA)

Gloves, masks, protective clothing, protective eyewear, face shields

9

Glove types (OSHA)

Sterile (open wounds)
Examination
Utility (janitors)

10

What does CDC stand for (CDC)

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

11

What does the CDC deal with (CDC)

Deals with bloodborne, airborne, and contact pathogens

CDC provides overarching guidelines, OSHA is specific to BBP

12

Standard Precautions (CDC)

Treat all patients as if they could be affected

Not just BBPs, all fluids but sweat

13

Contact Precautions (CDC)

Wear gowns and gloves

EX: with antibiotic resistant bacteria (MRSA, VRE, C Diff)

14

Airborne Precautions (CDC)

N95 Respirator, negative pressure

EX: pulmonary TB or chickenpox

15

Most important pathogen transmission prevention (CDC)

Hand hygiene

16

Post Exposure Response (CDC)

Wash exposed area
Notify supervisor
Inform Arcadia
File report
Doctor consult
Baseline draw
Prophylaxis as indicated

17

Clean Up Protocol (CDC)

Don gloves
Wipe with a towel
Dispose of properly
Disinfect per protocol
Allow surface to dry

18

What does HIPAA stand for (HIPAA)

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

19

Protected Health Information (PHI) (HIPAA)

identifying information about a patient

EX: name, age, condition, etc.

20

Covered Entity (HIPAA)

doctor, data management, insurance company, etc.

21

Privacy Rule (HIPAA)

keeping information private

22

Security Rule (HIPAA)

protocol for how information/records are stored and transmitted

23

Patient Rights (HIPAA)

Receive written notice, have access to your own records, control disclosure, obtain records, amend records, accounting of PHI release

Emergency exception using professional judgement

Can waive signature on written policy

24

Disclosure (HIPAA)

To the individual

Accepted disclosure without authorization for need to know healthcare providers directly related to health care, insurance, public interest, limited data set

To others only with permission

25

Safeguards (HIPAA)

Minimum necessary

Written AND Electronic: medical records

Oral: conversations