Flashcards in Organisational Structure & Teamwork Deck (19)
What is an organisation chart?
A pictorial representation of an organisation's formal structure
Give three advantages of specialisation and division of labour.
• High level of skills in certain activities can be developed
• Workers do not waste time changing from task to task
• Simple jobs can be directed to those activities where they have most ability
Give three disadvantages of specialisation and division of labour.
• Workers tend to be demotivated
• Teamwork and creativity are inhibited
• A restricted range of skills means workers cannot be deployed in a flexible way
There is a tendency for productivity to be high when specialisation is...
List six characteristics of jobs, which motivate people.
• Skill variety
• Task identity
• Task significance
Early writers recommend that the span of control shouldn't exceed...
the specialised area of psychology that aims to ensure jobs are designed in a way that makes them suitable for human beings to perform
Which work schedule involve employees sharing offices or expensive equipment?
Office sharing and hoteling
An organisation which has separate accounting, operations, human resources, and sales departments is organised according to...
List four potential disadvantages of organisations structured by function.
• Duplication of equipment
• Functional chimneys/silos
• Employees feel isolated
• Confused lines of command
An organisation that groups activities according to women’s footwear, men’s footwear, apparel and accessories is organised according to...
Explain the matrix structure.
It combines the advantages of the functional specialisation with the focus and accountability of product departmentalisation.
Self-managing teams are also called
Semi-autonomous workgroups or self-directed teams
List five stages of team development discussed by Tuckerman.
Describe the organisational structure of network structures.
Where a core of employees subcontract most activities to outside organisations (suppliers)
What is the main advantage of network organisations?
The organisation is flexible and able to redefine itself quickly based on the market demands
Why is Peter Drucker significant?
He was one of the first people to emphasise the importance of knowledge and learning in organisations.
List five characteristics of organisations that have learning structures and actively manage knowledge.
• Employees share the same vision of the organisation
• Employees understand how the whole organisation operates
• Employees are willing to discard old ways
• Employees feel confident in their position
• Information is distributed widely among employees