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NC HazMat 12/2017 > Ops, Chemistry, Toxicology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ops, Chemistry, Toxicology Deck (40)
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1

What does the following mnemonic help you remember?

Every

Good

Fire

Fighter

Ought

To

Read

Current

Manuals

The hazard classes.

Explosive

Gas

Flammable Liquid

Flammable Solid

Oxidizer

Toxic

Radioactive

Corrosive

Miscellaneous

2

What is the hazard classification for gases and the three distinct divisions?

Gas is hazard class 2

Div 2.1 -Flammable Gas - Red Placard

Div 2.2 -Non-Flammable Gas - Green Placard

Div 2.3 -Poisonous Gas - White Background w/ black words and skull & cross bones

Oxygen - Yellow Placard

3

Class 1 is what class of hazards?

Explosives- Orange placard

Div. 1.1 (Mass detonation hazard) to Div. 1.6 (extremely insensitive)

 

4

What do the different page colors in the ERG signify?

Yellow- Chemicals by 4 digit UN number

Blue- Chemicals alphabetically by name

Orange- 3 digit guide number

Green- Toxic substances/evac distances

5

Flash Point

The flash point of a volatile material is the lowest temperature at which vapors of the material will ignite, when given an ignition source.

6

What is vapor pressure?

Pressure characteristic at any given temperature of a vapor in equilibrium with its solid or liquid form.

It relates to the tendency of particles to escape from the liquid (or a solid).

Substances with low vapor pressures tend to evaporate slowly and remain liquid at atmospheric pressure whereas high vapor pressure materials (> 760 mmHg or 1 ATM) tend to be gases.

7

What is Vapor Density?

The density of a specific volume of a vapor/gas as compared to an identical volume of dry air.

8

Specific Gravity

The weight of a solid or liquid compared to an equal volume of water.

9

Irritants

Material that causes disruptability of a person to carry out a particular test.

10

Hypergolic

Materials that react spontaneously when in contact with one another.

11

LD50/LC50

 

Lethal Dose or Lethal Concentration that kills 50% of a test population.

12

Blood Agent

Toxic chemical agent that affects the body by being absorbed into the blood. Blood agents are fast-acting, potentially lethal poisons that typically manifest at room temperature as volatile colorless gases with a faint odor. They are either cyanide- or arsenic-based.

13

How much constitutes a large spill?

 

More than 55 gallons or 660 pounds

14

STEL

Short Term Exposure Limit - acceptable average exposure over a short period of time, usually 15 minutes as long as the time-weighted average is not exceeded over 8 hours.

 

15

What does the NFPA 704 placard look like and what do the numbers mean?

16

Which number is the UN number on the label below?

1203

17

Sublimation

Conversion of a solid directly into a gas.

18

Fire Point

Lowest temperature at which the vapor of a fuel will continue to burn for at least 5 seconds after ignition by an open flame. Higher than flash point.

19

Hygroscopic

Ability of a chemical compound to absorb or adsorb water

20

Ignition (Autoignition) Temperature

The lowest temperature at which a material spontaneously ignites in normal atmosphere without an external source of ignition, such as a flame or spark.

21

Chemical instability

Spontaneous decomposition, polymerization or otherwise self initiated reaction generally considered unstable

22

Miscibility

The property of substances to mix in all proportions or to fully dissolve in each other at any concentration forming a homogeneous solution.

23

Flammable Solids

Materials that can ignite through friction, absorption of water or chemical reaction.

24

Critical Pressure

Minimum pressure that must be applied to liquefy a gas.

25

Critical Temperature

Maximum temperature at which a gas can be liquefied.

26

Expansion Ratio

 Volume of a given amount of a substance in liquid form compared to the volume of the same amount of substance in gaseous form

27

Chemical Compound

Substance composed of two or more elements in chemical combination.

28

SADT - Self Accelerating Decomposition Temperature

Lowest temperature at which an organic peroxide will undergo a self accelerating decomposition. The SADT is the point at which the heat evolution from the decomposition reaction and the heat removal rate from the package of interest become unbalanced. When the heat removal is too low, the temperature in the package increases and the rate of decomposition increases in an uncontrollable manner. 

29

MSST - Maximum Safe Storage Temperature

Maximum temperature at which a chemical can be kept and remain stable.

30

Vesicants

Blister Agents - Chemical compound that causes severe skin, eye and mucosal pain and irritation. They are named for their ability to cause severe chemical burns.

Examples: Sulfur mustards, Nitrogen mustards, Lewisite.