Flashcards in Nutrition part 1 Deck (35)
The intake and use of nutrients by the body.
Basic Human Need
Nutrients are needed for:
the #1 cause of death
what does a clear liquid diet consist of?
see-through items liquid at room temperature
*clear juices- apple, grape, cranberry
*clear drinks- fruit punch, soda (ginger ale, lemon-lime), *plain tea, black coffee
what consist of a full liquid diet?
food liquid or pourable at room temperature
*dairy or dairy alternative- beverages, ice cream, yogurt, custard, pudding
*all clear liquid items
diet low in sodium, low in cholesterol, low in fat
cardiovascular disease and hypertension
most restrictive diet--> low in protein, fluid, sodium, potassium and phosphorus
Risk for aspiration due to dysphagia
Cerebrovascular Accident (CVA) (stroke)
Need protein, micronutrients for?
Why enteral feeding?
1. Unable to eat or drink (Total Nutrition)
2. Inadequate intake to meet nutritional needs
• High Metabolic Demands
- Burns, Trauma
• Failure to Thrive
Other purposes for enteral tube includes?
• Gastric Lavage – bleeding, poisoning, overdose
• Specimen Collection
Methods of delivery for enteral feeding includes?
Administered by gravity usually into the
stomach via a large syringe.
Advantage: can be given quickly (10-15 minutes)
Disadvantages: quick feeding not always tolerated by patient
Administered with or without a
Advantage: Common method for home usage
Disadvantage: Need patient teaching on pump usage
Intermittent enteral feeding
Feeding infused continuously
over a 24 hour period
Advantages: Easily tolerated
Continuous enteral feeding
Complications of enteral therapy includes?
*nausea or vomiting
*Too rapid infusion or too large bolus
*Formula too cold
*Too high residuals
*Not tolerating formula
nausea or vomiting
*Air in tube
*High Fiber formula
*Low Fiber formula
mechanical complication of enteral therapy
Improper tube placement, HOB is not kept at ≥ 30 degrees, causes?
unsecured tube, excessive coughing or vomiting, caused from?
Inadequate flushing, crushing, leads to?
most common complication on enteral feeding and mechanical enteral feeding
Tube position, improper taping, use of large bore tube can cause?
metabolic complication of enteral therapy
High carbohydrate content of formula can cause?