Nutrition education, communication, and counseling Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nutrition education, communication, and counseling Deck (48)
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1

Cultural competencies

knowledge, attitudes, and relationships that assist in providing culturally appropriate, respectful nutrition assistance.

2

Diversity

variety of differences among groups of people in one region or community.

3

Telemedicine

Physicians (usually); dx'ing, treating, f/u with a pt at a distance via telecommunications

4

Telehealth

health-related services and information delivered via telecommunication technology

5

E-learning

all types of electronically supported teaching and learning

6

Goals and Objectives

Short-term and long-term; based on problems list; consideration to socioeconomic status, family, occupation, and ethnicity

7

Needs assessment: individual

what they want out of the nutrition education and reason for referral/any other underlying needs

8

Needs assessment: group

the first step of assessing needs of a group/community is to identify health risks or nutrition problems affecting well-being; based on health stats and demographics

9

Learning activities/methodology: demonstration

realistic; involves multiple people; can be applied to large groups; time consuming and can require equipment

10

Learning activities/methodology: discussion

active participation; less formal; time consuming; shy participants might not benefit

11

Learning activities/methodology: lecture

most common; time efficient; conveys most info; passive learning by listening

12

Learning activities/methodology: simulation

active; critical thinking; aids in problem solving skill development; time consuming; group size must be considered

13

References/handouts

no higher than 8th grade level

14

Audiovisual specifications

Software generated programs and overheads useful in large groups. Consider font size for ease of reading. Videos may add motion and aid in demonstrating techniques. Food models or actual objects project real visual examples.

15

Evaluation criteria

Evaluated on outcomes based on the purpose, duration, and strength of intervention

16

Budget development

Should be created to ensure cost of offering services are covered with fees charged, grants, and other payments

17

Program promotion

Consider audience

18

Stages of Change

Prochaska and DiClemente

1. Precontemplation
2. Contemplation
3. Preparation
4. Action
5. Maintenances
6. Relapse

19

SMOG test

evaluates readability focusing on number of syllables per word

20

Cognitive learning

focus on gaining and using knowledge and information

21

Affective learning

internalize information involves changes in belief, attitudes, and interests

22

Psychomotor

development of manual skills

23

Bloom's Taxonomy or Hierarchy of Cognitive Needs

1. Knowledge
2. Comprehension
3. Application
4. Analysis
5. Synthesis
6. Evaluation

24

Affective domain

receiving, responding, valuing, characterization

25

Psychomotor domain

perception, set, guided response, mechanism, complex overt response, adaption/origination

26

Learning principles

Conditioning, rewards, reinforcement, punishment,

27

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Basic physiological needs, safety and security, social needs and affection, esteem and status, self-actualization

28

Attributing

describing strengths to motivate

29

Clarifying

confirms accuracy of perception

30

Empathy

demonstrating that you understand concerns/feelings