Flashcards in Nutrition Deck (58)
T or F? Overweight and obese individuals have relatively low metabolic rates.
T or F? Low metabolism contributes significantly to obese individuals’ excess weight gain.
False for most populations
T or F? There are diets available to increase a person’s metabolic rate thereby inducing weight loss.
T or F? A person’s metabolic rate decreases during caloric restriction inhibiting the rate of weight loss.
What is an alternative energy source for the brain?
What is stunting and what is it caused by?
It is linear growth failure caused by chronic mild protein energy malnutrition
What is the meaning of underweight?
Defined as weight-for-age >2 SD below mean in kids, BMI<18.5 in adults
What is the meaning of wasting?
It is AKA marasmus and is defined as weight-for-height >2 SD below mean
What is Kwashhiorkor?
Manifested by inadequate protein and it causes wasting with edema and impaired renal function
What are saturated FAs?
No double bonds
What are mono unsaturated FAs?
Single double bond
What are poly unsaturated FAs?
Multiple double bonds
What happens with essential FA deficiency?
What are the essential FAs?
Linoleic and Linolenic Acid
How does fiber decrease plasma cholesterol levels?
-Sequesters bile to reduce reabsorption
-Slows carbohydrate absorption which keeps insulin low and slows cholesterol synthesis
-Stimulate short chain FA synthesis which inhibits cholesterol synthesis
What are the fat soluble vitamins?
A, D, E, K
What are the water soluble vitamins?
Thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, biotin, folic acid, vitamin C
What are the functions of vitamin A?
Involved with vision and gene expression
What happens with vitamin A deficiency?
Night blindness/red gingiva/immune dysfunction
What are the functions of vitamin D?
Maintain serum calcium and phosphorus levels
What happens with vitamin D deficiency?
What are the functions of vitamin E?
Antioxidant in cell membranes
What happens with vitamin E deficiency?
Ataxia with peripheral neuropathy
What are the functions of vitamin K?
Cofactor for blood clotting
What happens with vitamin K deficiency?
Hemorrhaging and poor coagulation
What is a major sign of rickets?
What is vitamin A AKA?
What is vitamin D AKA?
What is vitamin E AKA?