Nursing LAB Flashcards Preview

Veterinary Technician > Nursing LAB > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nursing LAB Deck (190)
Loading flashcards...
1

How often do you change the soda lime?

6-8 hours of use (after 30 days not in use)

2

How do you do a leak test?

close off pop-off valve, turn O2 on, make sure reservoir bag is full (supposed to be 5 mins, usually 2 mins)

3

If you are using a nonrebreather, the manometer is not in use, so how can you monitor the pressure?

chest movement

4

Trace the flow of O2 through the system to the patient.

E tank -> pressure reducing valve -> flow meter -> vaporizer -> unidirectional valves -> patient -> unidirectional valves ->manometer -> soda lime -> reservoir bag -> scavenger

5

What is the purpose of the water spray?

to cool down the tooth

6

What type of precision vaporizer is needed for isoflurane?

precision (out of breathing circuit)

7

List the correct placement of the ECG leads.

white: goes on right arm (newspaper, christmas, good, evil)
black: left arm
red: left leg
green: right leg

8

Normals under Anesthesia:
1) HR-
2) RR-
3) BP- Systolic + Diastolic
4) MAP-
5) Pulse Oximeter-
6) ETCO2-

1) 60-120
2) 8-20
3) 120 (90-160) and 80 (50-90)
4) 70-90 (decrease of MAP indicates decrease in flow of blood to organs)
5) >96%
6) 35-45

9

What reflexes are monitored during anesthetic procedure?

PLR(pupillary light reflex), swallowing, jaw tone

10

How do you calculate the size of the rebreather bag?

the weight (kg) x 10-20mls/kg= mls x 5
19kg x 10mls/kg= 190mls x 5= 950mls= 1L

11

What is the rule of thumb when clipping hair?

2 clipper blade widths in every direction from the incision site

12

How do you measure the ET tube?

from the thoracic inlet to the incisors

13

Epinephrine causes ____ and what is it used for?

vasoconstriction, bradycardia, and in dentals to stop the bleeding around the prepiherphy

14

Dopram does what?

increases respiratory rate

15

What is the lowest rr to alert the vet (trend)?

8bpm (check iso, flow rate, kink)

16

How can you check perfusion?

SPO2, perfusion, CRT, mm color, bp

17

What can lidocane be used for?

nerve block (can be toxic in cats)

18

_______ drug is safer to use on cardio compromised patients

glycopyrulate

19

What is the required time, pressure, and temperature for the autoclave machine? How to test it's sterile?

15 psi, 15 mins, 250 degrees, culture test

20

What must be on the pack?

indicator strip in and on the outside, date, initials, what's in the pack

21

What suture pattern is this: takes deep and superficial bites insignificantly constraining minor blood vessels while providing maximum suture strength

vertical mattress

22

What suture pattern is this: stronger than the simple interrupted patterns, it is the easiest mattress suture to apply and the pattern resists tissue everison

interrupted cruciate

23

What suture pattern is this: with the interrupted pattern the sutures lie parallel to the wound edges making each stitch equivalent to two simple interrupted stitches. Minor vessels along with the wound edges are constrained

horizontal mattress

24

What suture pattern is this: over-and-over pattern, each stitch is tied with a square knot

simple interrutped

25

What suture pattern is this: over-and-over continuous pattern, a square knot is used to finish the first stitch, the suture continues as a running stitch until the wound is closed.

simple continuous

26

T/F The instrument surgeon's knot is tied in much the same fashion as the instrument square knot, but a double loop is placed around the instrument.

true

27

Monofilament nylon (Ethilon, Dermalon) characteristics, indications:

nonabsorbable, non-reactive, suture of choice for exposed skin pattern

28

Monofilamanet polypropylene (prolene, surgilence, fluorofil) characteristics, indications:

nonabsorbable, non-reactive, suture of choice for exposed skin pattern

29

Multifilament or braided nylon (nurolon, surgilon) characteristics, indications:

reactive, second choice for skin, preferred by many because of handling characteristics

30

Polygactin 910/Polyglycolic acid (dexon "s" uncoated and dexon II coated) characteristics, indications:

absorbable, non-reactive, subcuticular, subcutaneous, muscle, mucous membranes, not recommended for exposed skin