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A-Para 2 Final > NREMT > Flashcards

Flashcards in NREMT Deck (325)
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1

Alpha -1 has what effect?

Vasoconstriction of arteries and veins

2

Alpha - 2 effect ?

Inhibits norepinephrine release, Inhibits insulin release, stimulates glucagon secretions, and inhibits my lipolysis

3

Beta one effect?

Increases heart rate – positive call real trophy, increase his cardiac contractility, increases myocardial conduction, and increases renin production to retain your

4

Beta 2 effect?

Smooth muscle relaxer that causes bronchodilation and stimulates glycogenolysis insulin secretion

5

Lemon pneumonic

L Look externally
E Evaluate 3-3-2
M MALLAMPATI
O Obstructions
N Neck mobility

6

Normal RR

Adult
Child
Infant

12 - 20
15-30
25-30

7

Cheyenne stokes respirations

Periodic breathing with cycles of increasing rate and depth of breathing followed by gradual decrease in depth and Rate breathing in between periods of apnea that can last up to 60 seconds

8

KUSSMAUL respirations

Continuous deep sign breast with a rapid rate usually greater than 40 when the body is responding to metabolicAcidosis

9

Normal ETC02 values range between one what and what?

35 and 45

10

Loud high-pitched crackling

Rails

11

Low pitched crackles found in the lower airway is made clear with a cough

RONCHI

12

Pericardium

Fibrous sac that protects the heart from other structures of the chest and contains lubricating fluid to reduce friction

13

Three layers of the muscular walls of the heart

Epicardium outer most layer
Myocardium contractile muscle
Endocardium layer that lines the inside of the heart and protect muscle tissue from the friction of the blood flowing

14

Stroke volume range

60 to 100

15

Frank’s darling principal

A property of cardiac muscle; as it gets stretched more, it contracts with greater force

16

Atherosclerosis

Narrowing of aorta cerebral and coronary blood vesselsBy way of fatty material deposited along the inner walls of the arteries

17

Axis deviation can be determined

BY looking at lead one and lead
aVF

18

Normal
Left axis
Right axis
Extreme right

Up and Up
Up and Down
Down and Up
Down and Down

19

Left bundle branch block and what leads

Leads one leaves AVF and lead V6

20

Right by the branch block

One, a avl , V5, and v6

21

TRhombus

Blood clot already formed in the near artery

22

Embolus

Blood clot formed elsewhere in the body can travel to Coronary artery

23

Natural effects in the respect to myocardial infarction

Natural dilates coronary arteries which in hopes will increase oxygen to ischemic areas… Will also significantly reduce preload because it dilates the Venus side of the vasculature

With all nitro in patient suspected of inferior myocardial infarction which includes leads two, three, and aVF

24

Vasopressor of choice during acute coronary syndrome

Dopamine we use dopamine because it maintains a renal bloodflow low doses while increasing myocardial contractility

25

Chest pain abdominal pain and back pain or off in the chief complaint for what aneurysm

Abdominal aortic aneurysm
Pulsating masses can also be found it

26

Drug of choice for hypertension

Labetalol because it has alpha and beta blocker effects. As an alpha blocker it relieves peripheral vasoconstriction, and it’s been a block in effect prevent the possibility of rebound tachycardia tell me a company or drop in blood pressure. The beta blockade also have negative inotropic affects

27

Beck triad

JVD hypotension and muffled heart tones

28

Biot’s respirations

Biot respirations can be described as a regular rate and depth of reading with periodic apnea

29

Shush Cheyenne stokes respirations

A gradual increase in respiration followed by a gradual decrease with apnea that the last of the 60 seconds

30

Cushing’s Triad

Ataxic respirations Low heart rate high blood pressure brainstem injury