Nigeria Flashcards Preview

GCSE Geography- Human > Nigeria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Nigeria Deck (22)
Loading flashcards...
1

Where?

Country in west Africa
Population 182 million
He and wet

2

Political context

Europeans exploited
Slaves
Became fully independent from uk in 1960s
Dictatorship and civil war - 1970
Only since 1999 stable government

3

Social context

Social diversity
Christianity, Islam and African religions
Has been civi ears eg igloos and biafras
Recently- economic inequality between north and south

4

Cultural context

Nigeria enjoy rich and varied culture
Nigerian music
Nollywood
Football
Literature

5

Global importance ?

In 2014- worlds 21st largest economy
Had worlds highest GPD growth for 2010-2015
Financial services , telecommunications and media
Politically - 5th largest contributor to UN peacekeeping missions
2.7% of worlds oil

6

Importance in Africa

3rd largest manufacturing sector
Barack Obama - critical to rest of content
Highest farm output in Africa - 70% of population employed in agriculture, over 9 million cattle

7

Nigeria's political links

United Nations
African Union
Ecowas

8

Nigerians global trading relationship

Mainly
- petroleum-natural gas-rubber-cocoa-cotton

IMPORTS
-cars from Brazil, telephones from China

9

Crude oil

Dominates Nigerians exports
Highest quality is in Middle East of country
India is now biggest consumer

10

Agriculture

Australia's and India -cotton

11

Why is Nigerians economy developing

Advances in technology
Investment in science
More people speaking English = telecommunications
Information technology driving economy

12

Translational coop orations - pros

Companies provide employment and development
Local companies can benefit
Learn skills
Export revenues earns
More money spent in economy

13

TNCS - cons

Good rols( eg manager) usually goes to foreign people
Sometimes conditions bad
Poorly paid sometimes
Much of profit goes abroad

14

Shell oil

Employs 65000
91% of contracts to Nigerian workers
Contribution to taxes


BUT
Oil spills into water
Oil theft and sabotage
Oil flares- toxic fumes

15

Why doe snigeria recieve international aid

Many are poor
Limited access to services like safe water, sanitation, reliable electricity supply

Almost 100 million (60%) live on less than $1 a day

Bitth and faint mortality rate high

16

What aid does Nigeria get

4% of aid given to African countries
Some from uk, USA

17

How does economic growth effect the environment

Industrial growth
Urban growth
Mining and oil extraction
Commercial farming and deforestation

18

Industrial growth - impacting the environment

Nigeria as about 5,000 industrial plants and 10,000 illegal small scale industries
Desertification
70-80% of of forests been destroyed ( due to logging, agriculture, roads etc)

Chimneys

19

Urban growth - environment

Squatter settlements
Waste disposal problems
Traffic conjestion problems -E haunt fumes
Green areas - building sites

20

Commercial farming and deforestation - environment

Land deforestation
Water pollution
Co2
Destroyed habitats
Cheetah , giraffes adn 500 types of plats disappeared

21

Mining and oil extraction - environment

Tin mining led to soil erosion , local water supplies where also polluted from toxic chemicals
Oil spills in Niger delta - ecosystems adn fires = co2 =acid rain


Eg bodo oil spills
- 2008 and 2009
-2 large oil spills
-11 million gallons of crude oil

22

How is manufacturing AFFECTING ECONOMIC DEVELOPMET

Regular paid work = more secure in me and can buy cars , appliances
Stimulate growth through close links with each other
More people employed = revenue form taxes increases
Attracts foreign investment
Oil processing = chemical by products = soaps, plastics