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Flashcards in Neuropsych Deck (294)
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146

Acute stage of HIV

few weeks after initial infection, flu like symptoms, virus multiplies and infects CD4+T cells

147

Seroconversion

Dvpmt of antibodies in response to HIV infection

148

Symptomatic HIV infection

Toward end of chronic phase, individuals become symptomatic and have opportunistic infections

149

Crisis stage of HIV

Opportunistic infections more sevre. May have ADC (Aids dementia complex); unable to fight simple infections.

150

Myelogenous Leukemia

Forms in bone marrow cells that are precursors of red blood cells, platelets, and white blood cells

151

Lymphocytic Leukemia

Forms in bone marrow cells that are designed to mature into lymphocytes

152

Acute leukemia

fast-growing, aggressive cancers that form blasts

153

Chronic leukemia

Doesn't occur in blast cells, threfore is slow-growing and less aggressive.

154

Four stages to migraine

Prodrone, aura, headache, and resolution

155

Migraine treatments

Antiemetics (for nausea and vomiting), anti-inflamatory meds/opiates for pain, bx therapy, relaxation therapy, biofeedback

156

Tension headaches

Most common headaches, feel like tightening of neck and scalp muscles. Exacberated by noise of uncomfortable environments; more common in women, feels like tight band around head.

157

Cluster headaches

Least common type of headache; felt on one side of head behind eye; more common in men

158

Multiple Sclerosis

Lesions in brain and spinal cord related to demyelization. Cause unknown. Onset usually in young adults, disproportionally affects women.

159

Relapse-remitting MS

Most common; relapses followed by months to years of remission w/no new signs of disease activity

160

Secondary-Progressive MS

(65%), progressive neurological decline between acute attacks without any definite periods of remission

161

Primary-Progressive MS

(10-15%) Never have remission after initial sx. Progression of disability from onset, with no, or only occasional and minor remissions and improvements

162

Progressive-Relapsing MS

Steady decline, but also suffer clear imposed attacks. Least common of subtypes.

163

Simple partial seizure

Focal disruption of brain activity, no loss of consciousness, may have changes in sensory perception, dizziness or tingling, involuntary jerking of body

164

Complex Partial seizure

Focal disruption in brain, altered level of consciousness adn decreased ability to interact with environment, non-puposeful repetitive mvmts, changed in mood and uncontrollable laughing or fear

165

Absence seizures

Involves entire brain, staring (w/lack of awareness) and sometimes subtle body mvmts

166

Myoclonic Seizures

Involved entire brain, jerking or twitching o limbs

167

Atonic Seizures

Entire brain, associated with loss of muscle tone and results in sudden collapse

168

Grand Mal (tonic clonic)

Entire brain, loss of consciousness, stiffening, shaking/convulsing of entire body, sometimes loss of bladder control. May be followed by confusion, fatigue, and headache

169

Vertebrae C1-C7

Cervical/neck and arms

170

Vertebrae T1-T12

Thoraic/chest and arms

171

Vertebrae L1-L5

Lumbar/legs

172

ASIA A

No morot or sensor function preserved in S4-S5

173

ASIA B

Prserved sensory, but not motor function below injury level and includes S4-S5 (incomplete)

174

ASIA C

Motor function preserved below level of injury and more than half of key muscles less than grade 3

175

ASIA D

Motor function preserved blow level of injury and more than half of key muscles are greater than grade 3