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Flashcards in Neurodevelopmental Disorders Deck (11)
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Neurodevelopmental Disorder



Language disorder

Persistent difficulty in acquisition and use of language across modalities that include the following:
-reduced vocabulary
-limited sentence structure
-impairments in discourse
Language abilities are below what is expected for age
Onset early developmental
Difficulties are not due to hearing or sensory impairment

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Neurodevelopmental Disorders


Specific Learning Disorder

Combines learning disorders in reading writing and math

Severity: mild, moderate, severe

2

Neurodevelopmental Disorder


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Persistent pattern of inattention &/or hyperactivity/impulsivity that interferes with functioning or development

3

Neurodevelomental Disorders (Motor)


Developmental Coordination Disorder

The acquisition and execution of coordinated motor skills is substantially below that expected given their age & opportunity for learning and use
-interferes with ADLs

4

Neurodevelopmental Disorders (Motor)


Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Repetitive seemingly driven and apparently purposeless motor behavior
-interferes with ADLs
-specify with or w/o self-injurious behaviors

5

Neurodevelopmental Disorder


Autism Spectrum Disorder

Deficits in social communication and social interactions
Restricted repetitive behaviors,interests and activities

6

Neurodevelopmental Disorders



Social Communication Disorder

Persistent difficulties in the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication:
-deficits in using communication for social purpose
-impairment of the ability to change communication to match context
-difficulty following the rules of conversation
-difficulty understanding what is not explicitly stated and non-literal language
Deficits result in functional limitations in communication

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Neurodevelopmental Disorders



Childhood onset Fluency Disorder (Stuttering)

Disturbances in the normal fluency and timing pattern of speech that are inappropriate for the individual's age and language skills. Only 1 needs to be present: sound & syllable repetitions
Sound prolongations of consonants & vowels
Broken words
Audible or silent blocking
Words produced with excess or physical tension

8

Neurodevelopmemtal Disorder


Tourette's Disorder

Persistent (chronic) motor or vocal tic disorder
Specify w/motor or vocal tics only

9

Neurodevelopment Disorders



Intellectual Disability

3 Criteria Met:
-Deficits in intellectual functions
-Deficit is adaptive functioning that result in failure to meet developmental & socio-cultural standards
-onset of intellectual and adaptive deficits during developmental period

Specifier: mild,moderate, severe
--Important in determining level of services provided

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Neurodevelopmental Disorders



Speech Sound Disorder

Persistent difficulty with speech sound production that interferes with speech intelligibility or prevents verbal communication of messages
Causes limitations in effective communication
Onset before age 5