Neonatal Hypoglycemia and breastfeeding issues Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Neonatal Hypoglycemia and breastfeeding issues Deck (17)
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Name 5 types of Infants at risk of neonatal hypoglycemia

Premature ( baby has not developed Brown fat until 3rd trimester)
IUGR/SGA( low reserves)
Hyporthemic (needs extra glucose and oxygen keep warm)
Babies of mother with IDDM/Gestational Diabetes
Perinatal stress/asphyxia
Inborn errors of metabolism(e.g.PKU)
Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome


What is neonatal hypoglycemia?

Insufficient circulating glucose to meet the metabolic demands of the body particularly the brain.


Symptoms of neonatal hypoglycemia

- Abnormal cry
- poor feeding
- hypothermia

Cardiac respiratory
- Tachypnoea
- Apnea
- Cyanosis

- tremors
- lethargy
- Seizures


Name some of the prevention and treatment for neonatal hypoglycemia

Keep babies warm
Identify at risk group
Follow local guidelines
Dry, put had on,akin to skin
Feed within 60mins of delivery
Frequent feeding
Supportive feeding
Appropriate monitoring
Staff competent when blood sampling
Measure 2nd feed
Glucose gel


3 Neonatal Hypoglycemia facts

One of the most frequently encountered problems I'm first 48hrs

It can happen go healthy term infants

It can cause neonates to be compromised, stressed and Ill.


When is Neonatal Hypoglycemia regarded?

When neonates plasma glucose concerntration is below 2.0mmol/l


Why is neonatal hypoglycemia more prone in preterm infants?

- Majority of glycogen is stored in 3rd trimester which, may have not been reached yet.
- Brown fat is composed in the last few weeks of pregnancy
- immature counter regulatory response to low glucose concerntrations


Why is neonatal hypoglycemia more prone in Small for Gesational AGE infants?

- low glycogen and fat stores
-inadequate metabolic control
- chronically stressed fetus may use most of the placentally transferred glucose for growth and survival.


Why is neonatal hypoglycemia more prone in infants with Dibetic mothers?

•Glucose crosses placenta/insulin does not
•Fetal glucose level 70-80% of mother’s
•Infant produces insulin in response to higher blood sugars
•At cord clamping, glucose supply is removed but insulin production in infant remains elevated
•May take several days to down regulate insulin production


Name 5 Preventions or Treatments for Neonatal Hypoglycemia

•Keep babies warm
•Identify at risk group
•Follow local guidelines
•Immediately after birth
•Dry and put on a hat, then skin-to-ski


What would you do in the case of neonatal Hypoglycemia?

Follow local guidelines
•Ensure that you are competent to do blood sugar testing
•Keep parents informed
•Accurately record observation


What is Glucose gel?

A gel that is mixed with dextrose and water that, is frequently used by diabetics and those with hypoglycemia to raise their blood sugar when it becomes very low.


Name the benefits of using glucose gel

Keep mother and baby together
•Potentially no interruption in breastfeeding
•Decrease use of formula•Easy to administer
•Low cost
•Reduced admission to neonatal care


What should u do as continuing support?

Prior to feeds assess baby for: level of consciousness, tone, temperature, respiratory rate, colour
•Once baby has had two consecutive blood glucose measurements of 2.6mmol/L or above then blood glucose monitoring can be stopped
•Parents should be advised about what signs and symptoms to be aware of
•Continue support with breastfeeding until well established
•Listen to the mother’s concern


What do the BFI recommend regarding hypoglycaemia

Health professionals should be supported to recognise the risk factors of hypoglycemia, however, some are not obvious

Families should be given a care pathway of early provision of energy, regular assessment of feeding etc.

Breast milk is ideal source of energy.

(Dr Jane M Hawdon, BFI, 2017)


What are the signs of ineffective milk transfer in infant and reference?

Weight Loss

Abnormal urine or stool output

Lethargy and irritability

Unsettled infant

Prolonged or excessive jaundice

(Maria Pollard,2010)


What are some causes of ineffective milk transfer?

Poor position and attachment at the breast

lack of stimulation of breast

cracked nipples

tramatic birth

Lack of confidence

(Maria Pollard,2010)