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Flashcards in NCARB Practice Test Deck (39)
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1

Which of the following is generally NOT given in a written subsurface investigation report?

o Results of field tests
o Results of laboratory tests
o Recommended types of foundations
o Soil sieve analysis

Soil sieve analysis

2

Which of the following defines the sudden loss of
shearing resistance in a cohesionless soil?

o Plasticity
o Liquefaction
o A collapsing soil
o An expansive soil

Liquefaction

3

A measure of the ease with which a particular fluid flows
through the voids of a soil is called

o permeability
o compressibility
o osmosis
o cohesion

permeability

4

Building failure can often be traced to unstable subsoil
conditions. Which of the following subsurface conditions
is likely to cause differential settlement of building
foundations?

o Large beds of clay contained in gravel
o Small boulders dispersed in gravel
o Stratified rock
o A deep layer of dry sand and gravel

Large beds of clay contained in gravel

5

In a residential development composed of large building lots, on-site sewage disposal for each lot is permitted subject to the suitability of the soil. Which of the following soil investigations should the architect request?

o Percolation test
o Evaporation test
o Test for soil alkalinity
o Test for soil density

Percolation test

6

Which of the following would be the best design-with-
climate strategy in the layout of a new town in a cool
region such as Winnipeg or Minneapolis?

o The town structure should be densely grouped; larger building units may be grouped close together but
spaced to utilize sun-heat effects, and the layout
should provide a sheltering effect against winds.

o The preferred design is an open and free layout
of buildings that tend to merge with nature.

o The town structure should be dense and provide
shade, and unit dwellings or groups of buildings should
create court-like areas.

o Buildings should be separated to utilize air movements, and the character of the town fabric should be loose and scattered.

The town structure should be densely grouped; larger building units may be grouped close together but
spaced to utilize sun-heat effects, and the layout
should provide a sheltering effect against winds.

7

Which of the following loads defines the force fluids exert on structures?

o Hydrostatic
o Dynamic
o Water
o Wedge

Hydrostatic

8

Assume a project site of 50,000 square feet of land area
and 10,000 square feet of gross building floor area.
At a ratio of 3 square feet of parking area to 1 square foot of gross building area, how many parking spaces are required at 400 square feet per car?

75

9

Easements are generally placed on private property
to accommodate which of the following?

o Daylight
o Landscaping
o Access
o Setbacks

Access

10

The characteristic of an existing structure that will
directly affect the thermal environment of adjacent
new construction is its

o mechanical systems
o texture
o shadow pattern
o footprint

shadow pattern

11

Costs for cutting and filling earth on site are typically
calculated by which of the following?

o Square yards
o Cubic yards
o Acres
o Tonnage

Cubic yards

12

The most important factor for locating a new retail
center is

o accessibility to market area traffic
o the availability of utilities
o a well-drained level site
o its proximity to employment zone areas

accessibility to market area traffic

13

In cold climates, vapor barriers are desirable below attic insulation because they

o minimize moisture migration
o serve as secondary waterproofing
o support the insulation
o provide protection from insect infestation

minimize moisture migration

14

The process of stripping existing vegetation from a site
can cause

o pollution
o disorientation
o defoliation
o erosion

erosion

15

Land use restrictions imposed by local governmental
authorities include all of the following EXCEPT

o set backs
o covenants
o height and area limitations
o zoning

covenants

16

All of the following are considered land use
restrictions EXCEPT

o height and area limitations
o accessibility regulations
o zoning ordinances
o set back regulations

accessibility regulations

17

Foundation design in northern climates can require
footings to be as deep as 5 feet below grade for which of the following reasons?

o Protect against snow drifts
o Rest on undisturbed soil
o Be below frost level
o Resist earthquakes

Be below frost level

18

The practice of balancing cut and fill is used in

o site grading
o sediment control
o land reclamation
o footing excavation

site grading

19

A roof overhang on which of the following façades of a
building built in the northern hemisphere will provide
seasonal adjustment for solar radiation?

o North
o South
o East
o West

South

20

What is the term for the boundaries, property lines, or
limits of a parcel of land, as defined by distances and
compass bearings?

o Chaining
o Datum
o Benchmarks
o Metes and bounds

Metes and bounds

21

Since contamination in soil typically leads to groundwater contamination, which of the following cleanup technologies can be used to remediate the unsaturated zone?

o Vapor extraction
o Biodegradation
o In situ incineration
o Photolysis

Vapor extraction

22

Which of the following technologies is most commonly
used in groundwater remediation projects?

o Extraction/treatment
o In situ aeration
o Biological barriers/filters
o Gas chromatography

Extraction/treatment

23

After sight, which of the following senses is primary to
conveying information about a site?

o Touch
o Hearing
o Smell
o Taste

Hearing

24

The development potential of a parcel of land can be
affected by the presence of all of the following EXCEPT

o wetlands
o endangered species
o acid rain
o hazardous waste

acid rain

25

Zoning ordinances promote social vitality within a city
when they include

o strict zoning by land-use category
o high-rise buildings in a park-like setting
o mixed use and overlay zoning
o flexible car-parking ratios

mixed use and overlay zoning

26

Which of the following is the most important factor in
orientation of residential units?

o Bedrooms should face away from harsh winds.
o As many units as possible should be entirely masked
from breezes.
o West facing units are at a premium.
o Each unit should receive sun for at least part of a
winter day.

Each unit should receive sun for at least part of a
winter day.

27

Restrictive covenants are typically developed on behalf of

o property owners
o city officials
o design professionals
o civil engineers

property owners

28

The term “right-of-way” is used to describe

o the right to have first opportunity to purchase real
estate when it becomes available
o the right of taking of land by entering on it in a
peaceable manner
o a right belonging to a party to pass over land of
another
o a right to cross a picket line during a strike

a right belonging to a party to pass over land of
another

29

A nonconforming but legal structure that existed prior
to the enactment of a land use ordinance is said to be

o an easement
o dedicated
o aggrieved
o grandfathered

grandfathered

30

Which of the following is correct concerning residential
zoning adjacent to a typical central business district?

o It should be prohibited because land costs are
too high.
o It should be maintained as a viable community asset.
o All substandard existing units should be converted to
commercial use.
o Future units should be available to low-income and
elderly families only.

It should be maintained as a viable community asset