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Flashcards in Nature and Development of HR Deck (90)
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1

Define HR 

Basic entitlements and freedoms belonging to all people

2

Features of HR

  • Inalienable
  • Universal
  • IndivisibleI
  • nherent

3

Two types of HR

  • Individual
  • Collective

4

Basis for Human Rights legislation

  • UDHR 1948
  • ICCPR 1966
  • ICESCR 1966

5

Define inalienable

Cannot be taken away

6

Define indivisible

Interdependent

7

Define inherent

Apply from birth

8

Define universal

Belong to everyone

9

Example of individual right

  • right to vote
  • right to education

10

Example of collective right

  • Right to self determination
  • Right to peace

11

What is the purpose of human rights

Form the foundation of justice and freedom and peace in the world

12

What documents form intl bill of rights

  • UDHR 1948
  • ICESCR 1966
  • ICCPR 1966

13

what type of law is UDHR

Declaration therefore soft law

14

What is the purpose of the UDHR

Defined human rights and freedoms and formed basic of human rights law

15

Example of rights in UDHR

  • Right to life
  • Right to religion

16

What is purpose of ICCPR

Creates obligation on states to respect civil and political rights of individuals

17

What type of rights are ICCPR

Hands off rights. e.g. what the government can't take way

18

Example of rights in ICCPR

  • Right to vote
  • Freedom of movement

19

When was ICCPR drafted

1966 came into force 1976

20

What type of law is ICCPR

Hard law

21

Who oversees ICCPR

UN Human Rights Committee

22

Hands on Rights e.g. what the government has to give you

What type of right are ICESCR

23

When was ICESCR drafted

1966, came into force 1976

24

Who oversees ICESCR

UN committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

25

Define slavery

Forced labour where someone is the legal property of another

26

Purpose of slavery

fill certain roles in society

27

Why did slavery grow

Transatlantic slave trade 1600 onwards

28

what was the transatlantic slave trade

Trading of slaves from Africa to colonies in Europe

29

When did main abolitionist movement begin

18th century (1700s)

30

When was slavery abolished from England and its colonies

19th century (1800s)