Natural Disaster, Man-Made Physical and Technological Hazards Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Natural Disaster, Man-Made Physical and Technological Hazards Deck (16)
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In what ways do emergency conditions created by natural disasters and severe weather vary widely?

in scope, urgency and extent of damage


Name the 3 categories of natural disasters.

geological, meteorological and biological


Earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, landslides, mudslides, and subsidence are examples of natural geological hazards. T/F



List 7 types of natural meteorological hazards.

Any seven of the following: 1) flood; 2) flash flood; 3) tidal surge; 4) drought; 5) fire; 6) snow; 7) ice; 8) hail; 9) sleet; 10) avalanche; 11) windstorm; 12) tropical cyclone; 13) hurricane; 14) tornado; 15) water spout; 16) dust- or sandstorm; 17) extreme temperature; 18) lightning strikes; and 19) geomagnetic storm.


Which category of natural disaster encompasses hazards such as plague, anthrax, botulism and smallpox?



Why must installations prepare for and quickly respond to major accidents?

to prevent the loss of life, preserve valuable resources and protect the environment.


Who will respond to an accident or incident, unless otherwise directed by higher HQ?

the military installation nearest to the scene, regardless of size.


What should witnesses to an incident or accident do after alerting others in the immediate area and reporting it?

1) Stay uphill and upwind; 2) avoid inhaling fumes, smoke or vapors; 3) attempt to rescue and care for casualties; 4) avoid handling any material or component involved in the accident or incident; and 5) evacuate the area if rescue or containment is impractical, or if directed to evacuate.


Name 3 types of man-made accidental incidents.

Any three of the following: 1) hazardous materials spill or release; 2) explosion or fire; 3) transportation accident; 4) building or structure collapse; 5) energy, power or utility failure; 6) fuel or resource shortage; 7) air or water pollution or contamination; 8) water control structure failure; 9) financial issues; and 10) communication system interruption.


Name 3 types of man-made intentional incidents.

Any three of the following: 1) terrorism; 2) sabotage; 3) civil disturbance; 4) public unrest; 5) riot; 6) strike or labor dispute; 7) disinformation; 8) criminal activity; 9) electromagnetic pulse; 10) physical or information security breach; 11) active shooter; and 12) product defect or contamination.


Why do active shooters sometimes use IEDs?

to create additional victims and impeded first responders


___ is a base-wide protective action taken during an active shooter incident to restrict personnel movement and aid law enforcement first responders.



During an active shooter incident, after lockdown has been declared, no person many enter or exit the area until the all-clear is broadcasted. What is the exception?

An exception is made when movement is required to escape from a dangerous place or situation


During an active shooter incident, you should evacuate the immediate area if an escape route is accessible. What should you do if you cannot escape?

find a place to create a barricade between you and the shooter.


During an active shooter incident, you should immediately attempt to disrupt or incapacitate the shooter. T/F



_____ incidents relate to failure of central computers, mainframes, software or applications; ancillary support equipment; telecommunications; and energy, power, utility or nuclear power plants.