Musculoskeletal Anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Musculoskeletal Anatomy Deck (181)
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1

What bone classification do the femur and phalanges belong to?

Long bones

2

What bone classification do the carpals and tarsals belong to?

Short bones

3

What bone classification do the ribs, frontal, parietal and temporal bones belong to?

Flat bones

4

What bone classification do the vertebra belong to?

Irregular

5

What bone classification do the intratendinous bones belong to?

Sesamoid

6

What is the bone that is first to start ossifying and last to finish ossification?

Clavicle

7

What joint classification is immobile?

Synarthrosis

8

What type of joint is a synarthrosis?

Fibrous

9

What type of joint is semi-mobile?

Amphiarthrosis

10

What type of joint is a amphiarthrosis?

Cartilaginous

11

What type of joint is mobile?

Diarthrosis

12

What type of joint is a diarthrosis?

Synovial

13

What are the three types of fibrous joints?

Synostosis (suture), Syndesmosis (interosseous membranes), and Gomphosis (tooth and socket

14

What are the two types of cartilaginous joints?

Synchondrosis (primary cartilage), Symphysis (secondary cartilage)

15

What is a planar joint?

Gliding

16

What is a ginglymus joint?

Hinge

17

What is a trochoid joint?

Pivot

18

What is a condylar joint?

Ellipsoid

19

What is a sellar joint?

Saddle

20

What is a spheroidal joint?

Ball and socket

21

What midline joints are not secondary cartilaginous joints?

Median atlanto-axial and interparietal

22

All articular joint surfaces of synovial joints are covered by what?

Hyaline cartilage

23

What synovial joints are exceptions to having hyaline cartilage?

Temporomandibular, Sternoclavicular, and Acromioclavicular

24

What lines the inside of the fibrous joint capsule?

Synovial membrane

25

What type of cell makes up the synovium?

Plump cells

26

What type of synovial cells are macrophages?

Type A synoviocytes

27

What type of synovial cell secretes synovial fluid?

Type B synoviocytes

28

What is Hilton's law?

The nerve that supplies the muscle that acts on a joint also supplies the joint and an area of skin over the joint?

29

What are the central canals of bones?

Haversian canals with blood vessels

30

What connects Haversian canals?

Volkmann's canals