Flashcards in Multi Hazard Environment - Philippines Deck (9)
Locate the philipeans
Islands in south east Asia
Between the tropics of cancer and Capricorn
What geophysical hazards do the Philippines suffer from?
What hydro-meterological hazards does the Philippines's suffer from?
Floods / draughts
Describe why the cities of Manilia and Luzon are both very vulnerable to hazards
Very densely populated
Many live in informal accommodation
Wide spread economic deprivation
Describe volcanic hazards in the Philippines, give some facts about the most recent event
Major destructive plate margin, Philippine plate sub ducting under Eurasian plate, many settlements built around Mt Pinatubo due to fertile land.
Pinatubo eruption 1991
Death toll : 700
Homeless : 200,000
Much of the agricultural land destroyed
Describe seismic hazards in the Philippines, name and give facts about two specifc earthquakes
Located in the Pacific ring of fire
Hit by earthquakes every year over 6 on richter scale
Luszon island - 1990, 7.8 on richter scale killed 1500
Moro gulf - 1976 , 7.9 on richter scale killed 5000 and created a tsunami with waves 5 meters high
Describe tropical storms in the Philippines with reference to one in paticullar
20 tropical storms per year, as its located within the tropics
Typhoon Haiyan in 2013
300Km/h winds and 5 meter high storm surges
1 million homes destroyed
Describe the human responses to hazards in the Philippines
Hazard perception is different there, they understand the risks and live with them more. - more experienced
Widening rivers near settlements
Work towards large scale resistance.
E.g. Embankments, public awareness, warning systems, prevent new buildings in prone areas