Flashcards in Motivation Deck (36)
What is the basic definition of Achievement Goal Theory?
People engage in achievement situations in order to demonstrate competence (Either to themselves or others)
What are the two main concepts of ability?
- Task Involvement
- Ego Involvement
What is Task Involvement?
Where competence is demonstrated through learning, mastery and high effort
What is Ego Involvement?
Where competence is demonstrated through exceeding the performance of others and gaining social status
What is the difference between Task/Ego Orientation and Involvement?
Orientation is a tendency towards adopting an involvement, and Involvement is the state of mind itself.
What does it mean for Task/Ego Orientation to be orthogonal?
You can be high or low in both e.g. Hi-Hi, Hi-Lo, Lo-Lo, Lo-Hi
How might Ego Involvement lead to performance impairment?
Being demotivated if you aren't in first place in a race, causing your motivation to push yourself to decrease, leading to further decreased performance (or any other suitable example)
What is task orientation linked to in terms of belief about the purpose of sport?
Development of Self Esteem, Personal Mastery, Fitness/Health and Cooperation
What is ego orientation linked to in terms of belief about the purpose of sport?
Demonstration of superiority and gaining social status
What effect does Ego Orientation have on morally relevant attitude and behaviours in sport?
High Ego Orientation is linked to unsportsmanlike and aggressive behaviour.
What is a 'Positive Affect' as a correlate of goal orientation?
Enjoyment, intrinsic interest and satisfaction
What is the link between Task Orientation and Positive Affect?
Task Orientation is positively related to positive affect because participation is more intrinsically motivated and the achievement activity is an end in itself
What is the link between Ego Orientation and Positive Affect?
Ego Orientation is either unrelated or negatively related to Positive Affect due to external pressures increasing anxiety about performance
What is Negative Affect as a correlate of goal orientations?
Anxiety, boredom and lack of desire to participate
What is the link between Task Orientation and Negative Affect?
Inversely related or unrelated to Negative Affect
What is the link between Ego Orientation and Negative Affect?
Positively related or unrelated to negative affect
What is the relationship between Task Orientation and morally relevant behaviours?
Task Orientation is moderately to strongly related to sportsmanlike and respectful behaviour
What is a basic description of Self-Determination Theory
A framework to understand the interplay between extrinsic and intrinsic forces that affect people's motivation and that social context/culture should be structured to positively affect motivation
What are the 3 psychological factors that if fostered, lead to the most volitional and high quality forms of motivation and engagement?
SDT is an organismic dialectical approach. Explain SDT.
It is assumed that humans are growth oriented organisms who actively seek optimal challenge and new experiences to master. This is fostered or hindered by social context and external factors affecting feelings of autonomy, competence and relatedness
Define 'Competence' as a psychological need under SDT
The desire to master a skill
Define 'Autonomy' as a psychological need under SDT
A sense of free will and acting out of ones own interests and values
define 'Relatedness' as a psychological need under SDT
The desire to interact with, be connected to and experience caring for other people
What are the different types of motivation under SDT?
What is intrinsic motivation?
Motivation to do something for the inherent satisfaction of doing that activity
What is external regulation?
Motivation to do something as a function of external contingencies of reward or punishment
What is introjected regulation?
Motivation to do something due to acceptance of values which are not their own, e.g. following social convention to avoid guilt or shame
What is identified regulation?
Motivation to do something due to the activity being part of their sense of identity
what is amotivation?
lack of intent to act, or passive engagement in activity