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Intro to Sport Psychology > Motivation > Flashcards

Flashcards in Motivation Deck (36)
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1

What is the basic definition of Achievement Goal Theory?

People engage in achievement situations in order to demonstrate competence (Either to themselves or others)

2

What are the two main concepts of ability?

- Task Involvement
- Ego Involvement

3

What is Task Involvement?

Where competence is demonstrated through learning, mastery and high effort

4

What is Ego Involvement?

Where competence is demonstrated through exceeding the performance of others and gaining social status

5

What is the difference between Task/Ego Orientation and Involvement?

Orientation is a tendency towards adopting an involvement, and Involvement is the state of mind itself.

6

What does it mean for Task/Ego Orientation to be orthogonal?

You can be high or low in both e.g. Hi-Hi, Hi-Lo, Lo-Lo, Lo-Hi

7

How might Ego Involvement lead to performance impairment?

Being demotivated if you aren't in first place in a race, causing your motivation to push yourself to decrease, leading to further decreased performance (or any other suitable example)

8

What is task orientation linked to in terms of belief about the purpose of sport?

Development of Self Esteem, Personal Mastery, Fitness/Health and Cooperation

9

What is ego orientation linked to in terms of belief about the purpose of sport?

Demonstration of superiority and gaining social status

10

What effect does Ego Orientation have on morally relevant attitude and behaviours in sport?

High Ego Orientation is linked to unsportsmanlike and aggressive behaviour.

11

What is a 'Positive Affect' as a correlate of goal orientation?

Enjoyment, intrinsic interest and satisfaction

12

What is the link between Task Orientation and Positive Affect?

Task Orientation is positively related to positive affect because participation is more intrinsically motivated and the achievement activity is an end in itself

13

What is the link between Ego Orientation and Positive Affect?

Ego Orientation is either unrelated or negatively related to Positive Affect due to external pressures increasing anxiety about performance

14

What is Negative Affect as a correlate of goal orientations?

Anxiety, boredom and lack of desire to participate

15

What is the link between Task Orientation and Negative Affect?

Inversely related or unrelated to Negative Affect

16

What is the link between Ego Orientation and Negative Affect?

Positively related or unrelated to negative affect

17

What is the relationship between Task Orientation and morally relevant behaviours?

Task Orientation is moderately to strongly related to sportsmanlike and respectful behaviour

18

What is a basic description of Self-Determination Theory

A framework to understand the interplay between extrinsic and intrinsic forces that affect people's motivation and that social context/culture should be structured to positively affect motivation

19

What are the 3 psychological factors that if fostered, lead to the most volitional and high quality forms of motivation and engagement?

-Autonomy
-Competence
-Relatedness

20

SDT is an organismic dialectical approach. Explain SDT.

It is assumed that humans are growth oriented organisms who actively seek optimal challenge and new experiences to master. This is fostered or hindered by social context and external factors affecting feelings of autonomy, competence and relatedness

21

Define 'Competence' as a psychological need under SDT

The desire to master a skill

22

Define 'Autonomy' as a psychological need under SDT

A sense of free will and acting out of ones own interests and values

23

define 'Relatedness' as a psychological need under SDT

The desire to interact with, be connected to and experience caring for other people

24

What are the different types of motivation under SDT?

-Intrinsic Motivation
-Identified Regulation
-Introjected Regulation
-External Regulation
-Amotivation

25

What is intrinsic motivation?

Motivation to do something for the inherent satisfaction of doing that activity

26

What is external regulation?

Motivation to do something as a function of external contingencies of reward or punishment

27

What is introjected regulation?

Motivation to do something due to acceptance of values which are not their own, e.g. following social convention to avoid guilt or shame

28

What is identified regulation?

Motivation to do something due to the activity being part of their sense of identity

29

what is amotivation?

lack of intent to act, or passive engagement in activity

30

What types of motivation are Autonomous motivation?

Intrinsic Motivation and Identified Regulation