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Flashcards in Mood Disorders Deck (7)
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Major Depression

Extremely depressed mood lasting at least two weeks
Feelings of worthlessness or indecisiveness
Disturbed physical functioning
Anhedonia-loss of pleasure/interest in usual activities


Persistent Depressive Disorder

Milder symptoms than major depression
Persists for at least two years
No more than two weeks symptom free


Bipolar I Disorder

Must include full manic episode
May include alterations between hypomanic episodes and depressive episodes
Age of onset is 18


Manic Episode

A distinct period of abnormally and persistently elevated, irritable mood, increased goal-directed activity or energy most of the day for 1 week
3 or more of the following: inflated self-esteem, decreased need for sleep, more talkative than usual, flight of ideas/racing thoughts,distractability, increased goal directed activity/psychomotor agitation, excessive involvement in activities that have high potential for painful consequences


Hypomanic Episode

A distinct period of abnormally & persistently elevated and abnormally increased activity or energy lasting at least 4 days and present every day
With 3'or more of the following: inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, more talkative, flight of ideas, distractability, increased goal oriented activity, excessive involvement in risky behaviors
Unequivocal change of functioning


Major Depressive Episode

5 or more of the following symptoms for at least 2 weeks:
Depressed mood most of the day every day, diminished interest in pleasure in most activities, significant weight loss/gain, insomnia/hypersomnia, psychomotor agitation or retardation, fatigue/loss of energy, feelings of worthlessness/ guilt, diminished ability to think/concentrate, recurrent thoughts of death
Symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment


Bipolar II Disorder

Criteria has been met for at least one hypomanic episode and at least one major depressive episode
There has never been a manic episode