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Flashcards in Montserrat Deck (4)
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1

Cause of Montserrat

North and South American plate was SUBDUCTED under the Caribbean plate
(Destructive plate boundary)

2

Primary effects of Montserrat

- 2/3 land was cover in ash
- 50% of population was evacuated to the north of the island
- floods (valleys blocked by ash)
- Forest fires caused by pyroclastic flows

3

Secondary effects on Montserrat

- Most of the southern area was destroyed
- Transport is a problem (port and airport are closed)
- Tourist industry is suffering

4

Montserrat responses

- Residents were evacuated
- Millions of pounds were given by government
- An exclusion zone was set up (April 1996)
- By 1997 population went from 12,000 - 3,500
- £200 million pounds (restoring harbour, electricity, airport and roads)