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Flashcards in Module 8 Ethics Deck (10)
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1

What are ethics?
a) Beliefs about what is right and wrong as determined by an individual.
b) Values that a society or group hold with respect to how they should treat each other.
c) Beliefs of a society or a group as to what is right and wrong within the context of that society or group.

c) Beliefs of a society or a group as to what is right and wrong within the context of that society or group.

2

What are morals?
a) Beliefs about what is right and wrong that are internally determined.
b) Values that a group has about how society should function.
c) Beliefs about what is right and wrong that are externally determined.

a) Beliefs about what is right and wrong that are internally determined.

3

What is justice?
a) The rules that a society imposes so that all members of the society are treated the same way.
b) The concept of what is fair and equitable.
c) The laws that a group of people decides to enforce.

b) The concept of what is fair and equitable.

4

What are conceptual statements?
a) Statements about what is fact versus opinion.
b) Statements about the meaning of a term or the scope or boundary of a term when it is being defined.
c) Statements about what is conceptually right and wrong.

a) Statements about what is fact versus opinion.

5

What is an ethical theory?
a) A theory which systematically links our ethical beliefs to one another by means of a set of coherent principles.
b) A theory which helps us determine what we should do in a specific situation.
c) A theory which helps us explain our actions to someone else.

a) A theory which systematically links our ethical beliefs to one another by means of a set of coherent principles.

6

What is utilitarianism?
a) An ethical theory that states the best solution to an ethical problem is the one that produces the greatest total amount of human well-being.
b) An ethical theory that states the best solution to an ethical problem is one that does the least amount of harm.
c) An ethical theory that states the best solution to an ethical problem is one that indicates the beliefs of the majority should be followed.

a) An ethical theory that states the best solution to an ethical problem is the one that produces the greatest total amount of human well-being.

7

What is duty-based ethics?
a) An ethical theory that states that those with power have a fundamental duty to act ethically towards those without power.
b) An ethical theory that states that every individual has a fundamental duty to respect the beliefs of others.
c) An ethical theory that states that every individual has a fundamental duty to act ethically in every situation.

c) An ethical theory that states that every individual has a fundamental duty to act ethically in every situation.

8

What is virtues-based ethics?
a) An ethical theory which states that the qualities that make something or someone good vary from situation to situation.
b) An ethical theory which states that the qualities that make something or someone good are unchanging.
c) An ethical theory which states that the virtues of a person are innate to that individual from birth.

a) An ethical theory which states that the qualities that make something or someone good vary from situation to situation.

9

What is a Code of Ethics?
a) A set of rules determined by the government which members of a professional association need to follow.
b) A set of rules determined by a professional association by which members conduct their professional lives.
c) A set of rules determined by a professional association which ensures that members are qualified to practice in the profession.

b) A set of rules determined by a professional association by which members conduct their professional lives.

10

What are three parties that OACETT members owe a duty to under the OACETT Code of Ethics?
a) Family members, colleagues, managers.
b) Clients, politicians, corporations.
c) The profession, society, employers.

c) The profession, society, employers.