Module 6.1 - Classical Conditioning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Module 6.1 - Classical Conditioning Deck (53)
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31

phobia

when fear of an object or situation becomes irrational and interferes with normal activities

32

true or false: all phobias occur naturally

FALSE: some phobias occur naturally (possibly due to genetics); however, many fears are learned through experience

33

little albert

infant with no fear of animals, however, when researcher made a loud noise (UCS) behind his head, he would jump (UCR).

34

who paired the loud noise (US) with the appearance of the animal (CS)? (little albert)

john watson and rosalie rayner

35

conditioned emotional responses

emotional and physiological responses that develop to a specific object or situation

36

preparedness

the biological predisposition to rapidly learn a response to a particular class of stimuli

37

the _____ is involved in fear conditioning

amygdala

38

contextual fear conditioning

learning to fear a location (e.g., cage where a shock occurred)

39

contextual fear conditioning involves the ______

hippocampus

40

conditioned taste aversions

an acquired dislike or disgust of a food or drink because it was paired with illness

41

true or false: there is a decreased reward response in the brain with conditioned taste aversions

true

42

what were the 2 types of tubes that rats were presented to sip water from?

1) associated with lights and sound
2) associated with a flavour

43

what were the rats injected with to make them sick (US)?

lithium chloride

44

which association of tube for water would the rats show a larger learned aversion for?

water tube associated with flavour

45

garcia effect

taste produces stronger aversive conditioning than sights and sounds - a single exposure is often enough

46

latent inhibition

when frequent experience with a stimulus before it is paired with a US makes it less likely that conditioning will occur after a single episode of illness

47

the paradox of diet beverages

our bodies associate sweet tastes with an impending intake of calories. diet beverages trigger our sweet, but don't deliver the calories so or bodies respond by sending out a hunger message

48

drug paraphernalia and settings serve as a ________ for the 'high' of a drug (CR)

conditioned stimulus

49

conditioned drug tolerance

physiological responses preparing our body for the drug to start to occur prior to the intake of the drug

50

in humans, ________ can sometimes become associated with sexual responses (UR), which in turn can lead to fetishes

neutral stimuli (e.g., boots)

51

what are advertising techniques based on?

classical conditioning

52

evaluative conditioning

pairing motional stimuli (e.g., attractive people) with a target in order to influence peoples perceptions and attitudes toward that target

53

what 4 things do attack ads usually involve?

1) black and white, grainy images that are frustrating to look at
2) images that allow you to judge/mock the target
3) images of the politician making an angry face
4) an angry narrator whose voice elicits autonomic responses