What is the region of the frequency spectrum from 1000 MHz to 100,000 MHz called?

Microwave region.

Microwave theory is based upon what concept

. Electromagnetic field theory.

Why are coaxial lines more efficient at microwave frequencies than two-wire transmission lines?

. The electromagnetic fields are completely confined.

What kind of material must be used in the construction of waveguides?

Conductive material

The large surface area of a waveguide greatly reduces what type of loss that is common in two-wire and coaxial lines?

Copper loss

What causes the current-carrying area at the center conductor of a coaxial line to be restricted to a small layer at the surface?

Skin effect

What is used as a dielectric in waveguides?

Air

What is the primary lower-frequency limitation of waveguides?

. Physical size

At very high frequencies, what characteristics are displayed by ordinary insulators?

The characteristics of the dielectric of a capacitor.

What type of insulator works well at very high frequencies?

A shorted quarter-wave section called a metallic insulator

The frequency range of a waveguide is determined by what dimensison?

The "a" dimension.

What happens to the bus bar dimensions of the waveguide when the frequency is increased?

The bus bar becomes wider

When the frequency is decreased so that two quarter-wavelengths are longer than the "a" (wide) dimension of the waveguide, what will happen?

Energy will no longer pass through the waveguide.

What interaction causes energy to travel down a waveguide?

The interaction of the electric and magnetic fields.

What is indicated by the number of arrows (closeness of spacing) used to represent an electric field?

The relative strength of the field

What primary condition must magnetic lines of force meet in order to exist?

Magnetic lines of force must form a continuous closed loop

What happens to the H lines between the conductors of a coil when the conductors are close together?

. The H lines cancel

For an electric field to exist at the surface of a conductor, the field must have what angular relationship to the conductor?

The field must be perpendicular to the conductors.

When a wavefront is radiated into a waveguide, what happens to the portions of the wavefront that do not satisfy the boundary conditions?

Decrease to zero.

Assuming the wall of a waveguide is perfectly flat, what is the angular relationship between the angle of incidence and the angle of reflection?

The angles are equal.

What is the frequency called that produces angles of incidence and reflection that are perpendicular to the waveguide walls?

Cutoff frequency

Compared to the velocity of propagation of waves in air, what is the velocity of propagation of waves in waveguides?

Slower.

What term is used to identify the forward progress velocity of wavefronts in a waveguide?

. Group velocity.

What term is used to identify each of the many field configurations that can exist in waveguides?

Mode of operation

What field configuration is easiest to produce in a given waveguide?

Dominant mode

How is the cutoff wavelength of a circular waveguide figured?

1.71 times the diameter.

The field arrangements in waveguides are divided into what two categories to describe the various modes of operation?

Transverse electric (TE) and transverse magnetic (TM).

The electric field is perpendicular to the "a" dimension of a waveguide in what mode?

TE.

The number of half-wave patterns in the "b" dimension of rectangular waveguides is indicated by which of the two descriptive subscripts?

Second.

Which subscript, in circular waveguide classification, indicates the number of full-wave patterns around the circumference?

. First