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Nursing Concepts > Mobility/Activity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mobility/Activity Deck (93)
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61

inflammation of a vein in conjuction with the formation of a thrombus (usually occurs in extremities, most commonly the leg)

Thrombophlebitis

62

a blood clot that adheres to the wall of a blood vessel or organ possibly preventing the flow of blood

Thrombus

63

position in which the entire bed is tilted with head of bed down...used for postural drainage; facilitates venous return in patients with poor peripheral venous perfusion

Trendelenburg's Position

64

intermittent or complete absence of ability to control loss of urine from the bladder

Urinary Incontinence

65

a return or backward flow of urine

Urinary Reflux

66

the persistent keeping within the body of urine

Urinary Retention

67

stoppage of the normal flow of urine

Urinary Stasis

68

attempt to forcibly exhale with the glottis, nose & mouth closed

Valsalva Maneuver

69

on a body, the foundation over which you balance a center of gravity

Base of Support

70

a lateral side lying position with all but one pillow used for assessment to provide baseline data concerning a patient's body alignment

Recumbent Position

71

a technique used when preparing a patient for ambulation in which he/she sits on the side of the bed with the legs dangling off the side for 1 to 2 minutes before standing...helps to prevent postural hypotension

Dangling

72

turning outwardly or away from the midline of the body

External Rotation

73

turning inwardly or toward the midline of the body

Internal Rotation

74

occurs when the amount of nitrogen excreted from the body is greater than the amount of nitrogen ingested

Negative Nitrogen Balance

75

a body position that enables the position to breathe comfortably

Orthopneic Position

76

kidney stones

Renal Calculi

77

moderate to forceful attempted exhalation against a closed airway, usually done by closing the mouth & pinching the nose while pressing out as if trying to blow up a balloon

Valsalva Maneuver

78

Five Functions of Bones (Skeletal System) in Regulation of Movement

(1) support (2) protection (3) movement (4) mineral storage (5) hematopoiesis (blood cell formation)

79

Function of Skeletal Muscle in Regulation of Movement

(1) facilitate movement (2) determine body form & contour

80

Function of the Nervous System in Regulation of Movement

regulate movement & posture

81

Pathological Influences on Body Alignment, Exercise & Activity

congenital defects, disorders of bones/joints/muscles, CNS damage, musculoskeletal trauma

82

Assessment of Body Alignment in Standing Position

(1) head is erect (2) body parts symmetrical (3) spine is straight (4) abdomen tucked in (5) knees, hips & ankles in straight line (6) feet flat on floor & pointed forward

83

Assessment of Body Alignment in Sitting Position

(1) head is erect (2) neck & vertebral column in straight line (3) weight distributed on buttocks & thighs (4) thighs are parallel & in horizontal plane (5) feet supported on floor (6) forearms supported

84

Assessment of Body Alignment in Recumbent Position

vertebrae are in straight line

85

Nursing Diagnoses for Patients Experiencing Problems with Exercise/Activity

activity intolerance, risk for activity intolerance, disturbed body image, fatigue, risk for injury, impaired physical mobility, acute pain, chronic pain, impaired skin integrity, risk for impaired skin integrity, sedentary lifestyle, risk for disuse syndrome

86

Nursing Diagnoses for Prolonged Immobility

ineffective airway clearance, risk for infection, risk for injury, risk for disturbed sleep pattern, risk for situational low self-esteem, ineffective individual coping

87

Wandering Wilma's Always Late

Walker With Affected Leg

88

C.O.A.L.

Cane Opposite Affected Leg

89

"Good goes to heaven, Bad goes to hell"

Good leg goes upstairs first, Bad leg goes downstairs first

90

Guidelines for Initiating an Exercise Program

(1) Assess fitness level (2) Design the program (3) Assemble equipment (4) Get started (5) Monitor progress