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Nursing Concepts > Mobility/Activity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Mobility/Activity Deck (93)
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31

to walk or move about freely

Ambulation

32

the building up of body tissues

Anabolism

33

high-intensity exercise, such as sprinting or weight lifting, that places more demand on muscles than oxygen delivery can match

Anaerobic Exercise

34

loss of appetite

Anorexia

35

a decrease in size of an organ or tissue; wasting

Atrophy

36

the energy needs of a person at rest after awakening

basal metabolic rate (BMR)

37

a device for propping up patients in bed...the confining of a patient to bed for rest

Bedrest

38

movement around an axis such that the proximal end of a limb is fixed and the distal end traces a circle

Circumduction

39

fibrosis of connective tissue in skin, fascia, muscle or a joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint

Contracture

40

a clicking or crackling sound often heard in movement of joints, such as temporomandibular, elbowor patellofemoral joints, due to roughness & irregularities in articulating surfaces

Crepitation

41

a state in which an individual is at risk for deterioration of body systems as the result of prescribed or unavoidable muscoskeletal inactivity

Disuse Syndrome

42

lying on the back with the face upward; supine

Dorsal Position

43

deep vein thrombosis

DVT

44

sudden obstruction of a blood vessel by debris

Embolism

45

turning outward

Eversion

46

contraction & relaxation of a skeletal muscle or group of muscles in which the force generated by the muscle is equal to the resistance

Isometric Exercise

47

an active muscle contraction in which the force exerted remains constant & muscle length changes

Isotonic Exercise

48

relaxed, flabby or having defective or absent muscle tone

Flaccid

49

the act of bending or condition of being bent in contract to extension...decrease in the angle between the bones forming a joint

Flexion

50

an increase in the size of an organ, structure or the body due to growth rather than tumor formation

Hypertrophy

51

turning inside out or upside down...bending the foot in at the ankle so that the sole is facing toward the inside of the leg

Inversion

52

muscle contraction without associated joint movement

Isometric

53

lying on the side of the body

Lateral Position

54

loss of bone mass throughout the skeleton, predisposing patients to fractures

Osteoporosis

55

partial or incomplete paralysis

Paresis

56

the act of lying prone or face downward...the act of turning the hand so that the palm faces downward or backward

Pronation

57

position in which the patient is horizontal with the face downward

Prone Position

58

exercise in which a muscle contraction is opposed by force to increase strength or endurance

Resistance Exercise

59

process of turning on an axis

Rotation

60

the turning of the palm or the hand anteriorly or the foot inward and upward...the act of lying flat upon the back

Supination