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Flashcards in MNT Exam 2 Deck (32)
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1

MNT for cirrhosis (oral diet)

Small frequent meals
High fiber
Less than 2000 mg sodium

2

Medication for high cholesterol & triglycerides w/ pancreatitis (concern w/ jaundice, stomach pain, & blurred vision)

Gemfibrozil

3

MNT for dumping syndrome

Small frequent meals
Less solid foods
Limit fluid w/ meals
Complex CHO
Soluble fiber
Increase fat

4

MNT for acute cholecystitis

NPO
Low fat (30-45 g per day)

5

MNT for pressure ulcers (NPUAP-EPUAP Guidelines)

30-35 kcal/kg
1.25-1.5 g protein/kg
Adequate fluids
Assess renal function
Liberal diet
Vitamin/mineral supplements

6

Medical procedure: removal of colon/rectum, connected to anal canal

ileal pouch

7

General MNT for IBD

Small frequent meals
Avoid foods not well tolerated
Prebiotics/probiotics
Modify fiber intake

8

Potential etiologies for pancreatitis

Trauma
Alcholism
Biliary tract disease
Hypertriglyceridemia
Gallstones
Drugs

9

Risk factors for gallstones

Rapid weight loss
Woman
Obesity
Diet
Ethnicity
>60
Family hx
Statins

10

Anti-epileptic/anticonvulsant medication (IV or oral) that can cause bone softening, depression, suicidal thoughts

Dilantin
(phenytoin)

11

What foods to limit with diarrhea?

Milk
Fruit/veg skins
Fiber
Caffeine
Sugar
Sugar alcohols

12

ACE inhibitor for heart failure (taken orally). Interacts with alcohol, sodium, and potassium

Lisinopril

13

IBS diagnostic

Abdominal pain 3 day per month for 3 months
improvement w/ defecation
change in stool frequency/form

14

Surgical pts at highest risk for PN dependency (SBS)

End jejunostomy

15

Surgical procedure for GERD

Fundoplication

16

Medication for gastroparesis - strengthens LES

Prokinetic agent
(metoclopramide)

17

What type of medication is a gut slowing med for diarrhea

Loperamide

18

What type of medication is omeprazole?

Proton pump inhibitor

19

MNT for chronic gallstones

Individualize
25-30% total kcals from fat

20

Protein needs for cirrhosis

1.0-1.5 g/kg

21

Medication for HTN (B6 supp may be necessary)

Hydralazine

22

MNT for SBS

Reintroduce foods
No liquids w/ meals
Avoid concentrated sweets
MCT oil
Restrict lactose
Small frequent meals

23

MNT for gastroparesis

Small frequent meals
Liquids
Low fat
Low fiber

24

Medication for megalovirus w/ AIDs (injection + saline) interacts w/ immunosuppressants

Cidofovir

25

Medication that is a SSRI for PTSD, OCD, depression (oral). Interacts w/ alcohol

Sertraline

26

How is GERD dx?

Endoscopy
Sx present
Relief after PPI

27

MNT/medical tx for acute pancreatitis

NG tube
IV liquids
NPO
Pain management
Low fat

28

Antidepressant that interacts w. tyramine foods and MAOIs

Phenelzine

29

Medication for advanced kidney disease or skin cancer that interacts w/ corticosteroids (injection). Side effects - sore mouth, loss of appetite, hypo/hypercalcemia

Aldesleukin interleukin-2

30

Osteoporosi medication that interacts w/ MVIs and can cause blood stool

Alendronate (fosamax)