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Flashcards in Mitigation and adaptation strategies Deck (15)
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1

Name five mitigation strategies

Carbon taxation
Energy efficiency
Afforest and reforestation
Renewable switching
Carbon capture storage

2

Name four adaptation strategies

Water conservation and management
Resilient agricultural systems
Land use planning and flood risk management
Solar radiation management

3

What are the benefits of water conservation and management?

- Recycle sewage water for agriculture
- Less ground water abstraction

4

What are the benefits of resilient agricultural systems?

- Drought tolerant species reduce risk of disease
- Low tech measures e.g. USA no ploughing approach increases soil health and CO2 sequestration

5

What are the benefits of land use planning and flood risk management?

- Doesn't always require substantial change e.g. permeable surfaces
- Afforestation upstream reduces downstream flooding

6

What are the benefits of solar radiation management?

- Reflect solar rays to aid climate change
- Orbiting satellites not sunshield
- Cooling effect in months

7

What are the weaknesses of water conservation and management? e.g. grey water

- Can't supply demand
- Requires government promotion

8

What are the weaknesses of resilient agricultural systems?

- Expensive so not always available to subsistence farmers
- High energy cost from indoor intensive farming
- Increases food insecurity and pressure for quick fixes

9

What are the weaknesses of land-use planning and flood risk management?

- Land owners can demand compensation
- Resettling often unfeasible
- Hard engineering and maintenance

10

What are the weaknesses of solar radiation management?

- Not tried or tested
- Would not affect gases or acidification
- Unknown consequences

11

What are the benefits of carbon taxing?

- Incentive to adapt more eco-friendly practises
- Revenue raised used as subsidies for public transport

12

What are the benefits of energy efficiency? Give an example

Incentive to firms
German policies to reduce consumption by 25% and loans to renovate old properties

13

What are the benefits of afforestation and reforestation?

Habitats and sequestration
Prevent soil erosion

14

Give an example of renewable switching?

Sweden - 1975 oil provided 75% of energy
Now - 20%

15

Give an example of carbon capture switching

Boundary Dam 2014 aims to cut 90% of emissions (1 tonne a year)