tip of the tongue
info is inadequately recovered.
Retrieval failure from LTM.
Encoding of info
converting a message from one system of communication into another
Seeing a picture of a tree and remembering the word tree
Best Predictor of Teen alcohol usage
Level of alcohol use by parents & peers
Most frequent ethics issues:
Psychologist say ____.
Difference between retrograde & anterograde amnesia
Retrograde is amnesia for memories of events prior to trauma.
Anterograde is amnesia for memories of events after trauma
Difference between proactive & retroactive interference
proactive occurs when previously learned material interferes with recall of newly learned material
Retroactive occurs when newly learned info interferes with recall of previously learned info
Attributions about one's own as well as another's behavior when both fail
Model of relapse prevention.
Attribute relapses to external factors, not internal ones.
Relapse is natural part of recovery that can be minimized but not avoided.
Rehm Self-Control Theory
- Self-reinforcement --> low levels of self-reinforcement or high rates of self-punishment
- self-monitoring ->tendency to attend primarily to negative rather than positive events
- self-evaluation --> tendency to attribute failure to one's self rather than other factors
Derive their philosphical orientation from Piaget that cog dev in kids can be stratified in specific stages; however, they als integrate the ideas of information processing theory into their perspectives
Stanford-Binet - developed the most frequently used version
racism exists in the societal belief that ethnic minoritiessimply do not exhibit qualities like a strong work ethic or discipline. This has superseded blatant instances of racism.
Arthrimetic is which WAIS subscale
Rorschach answers of Whole
integrated, orgainzed though patterns
Rorschach answers that focus on white portions
Name of the amount of stimulus which is necessary for a person to notice a barely detectable change in the status of the stimulus
Difference between a User and Sanctioner
Sanctioner can be any entity which sustains a legitmate association with the psychologist who is operating in a professional capacity
Who said that organisms can engage in learning simply for the sake of learning or fulfill natural curiosity?
postulates that schizophrenia can be linked to increases in a dopamine or based on hyperactive dopamine receptors
Best type of classical conditioning
Delay and/or trace conditioning
when a larger amount of a stimulus exists initially, then a greater amount of stim would need to be added to already existing stim for an indiv. to notice a difference
- 12 minutes.
- used in workplaces
- intelligence test
- Used as info to supplement hiring and promotion decisions
Age range of WISC
6:00 - 16:11
Who's theory: Socioemotional Selectivity Theory
Socioemotional Selectivity Theory
Theory of motivaton hypothesizes increasing emphasis is placed on emotional experiences as we age.
Social contacts limited to a few indiv. who are of major importance to us as we grow older
the probability of rejecting a false null hypothesis
- concrete operational
- formal operational
comprised of shifting a client's ideas about the source or origin of his actions or behaiors. It has been considered correspondent with the underlying presumptions of the reformulate learned helplessness model.
When do you establish goals and asceertain a viable data collection methodology
in vivo aversion therapy
Person observes live model engaging in graduated interactions with feared object.