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Flashcards in Missed Question Test B Deck (100)
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31

tip of the tongue

info is inadequately recovered. 

Retrieval failure from LTM. 

32

Encoding of info

converting a message from one system of communication into another

Seeing a picture of a tree and remembering the word tree

33

Best Predictor of Teen alcohol usage

Level of alcohol use by parents & peers

34

Most frequent ethics issues:

Psychologist say ____.

Actual ______

confidentiality

sexual misconduct

35

Difference between retrograde & anterograde amnesia

Retrograde is amnesia for memories of events prior to trauma.

Anterograde is amnesia for memories of events after trauma

36

Difference between proactive & retroactive interference

proactive occurs when previously learned material interferes with recall of newly learned material

Retroactive occurs when newly learned info interferes with recall of previously learned info

 

 

37

actor-observer bias

Attributions about one's own as well as another's behavior when both fail

38

Marlatt

Model of relapse prevention.

NOT AA

Attribute relapses to external factors, not internal ones. 

Relapse is natural part of recovery that can be minimized but not avoided.

39

Rehm Self-Control Theory

  • Self-reinforcement --> low levels of self-reinforcement or high rates of self-punishment
  • self-monitoring ->tendency to attend primarily to negative rather than positive events
  • self-evaluation --> tendency to attribute failure to one's self rather than other factors

Depression

40

Neo Piagetians

Derive their philosphical orientation from Piaget that cog dev in kids can be stratified in specific stages; however, they als integrate the ideas of information processing theory into their perspectives

41

Stanford-Binet - developed the most frequently used version

Lewis Terman

42

Symbolic racism

racism exists in the societal belief that ethnic minoritiessimply do not exhibit qualities like a strong work ethic or discipline. This has superseded blatant instances of racism. 

43

Arthrimetic is which WAIS subscale

Workng Memory

44

Rorschach answers of Whole

integrated, orgainzed though patterns

45

Rorschach answers that focus on white portions

oppositional thinking

46

Name of the amount of stimulus which is necessary for a person to notice a barely detectable change in the status of the stimulus

difference threshold

47

Difference between a User and Sanctioner

Sanctioner can be any entity which sustains a legitmate association with the psychologist who is operating in a professional capacity

 

48

Who said that organisms can engage in learning simply for the sake of learning or fulfill natural curiosity?

Harlow

49

dopamine hypothesis

postulates that schizophrenia can be linked to increases in a dopamine or based on hyperactive dopamine receptors

50

Best type of classical conditioning

Delay and/or trace conditioning

51

Weber's law

when a larger amount of a stimulus exists initially, then a greater amount of stim would need to be added to already existing stim for an indiv. to notice a difference

52

Wonderlic

  • 12 minutes.
  • used in workplaces
  • intelligence test
  • Used as info to supplement hiring and promotion decisions

53

Age range of WISC

6:00 - 16:11

54

Who's theory: Socioemotional Selectivity Theory

Carstensen

55

Socioemotional Selectivity Theory

Theory of motivaton hypothesizes increasing emphasis is placed on emotional experiences as we age.

Social contacts limited to a few indiv. who are of major importance to us as we grow older

56

Power means

the probability of rejecting a false null hypothesis

57

Piaget's stages

  1. sensorimotor
  2. preoperational 
  3. concrete operational
  4. formal operational

58

attribution retraining

comprised of shifting a client's ideas about the source or origin of his actions or behaiors. It has been considered correspondent with the underlying presumptions of the reformulate learned helplessness model.

59

When do you establish goals and asceertain a viable data collection methodology

Dx

60

in vivo aversion therapy

Person observes live model engaging in graduated interactions with feared object.