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Human Biology 116 > Minerals and supplements > Flashcards

Flashcards in Minerals and supplements Deck (53)
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1

What are the main minerals that the human body needs?

Sodium, potassium, zinc, iron, calcium, copper, and selenium.

2

Where can most minerals be found?

Wholegrains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, and meats.

3

Will you find minerals in highly processed foods?

Its unlikely but possible

4

What is the major role of calcium?

Bone and tooth formation and muscle and nerve function

5

What is the major role of iron?

Used to make hemoglobin and myoglobin

6

What is the major role of zinc?

Component of certain enzymes and required for growth

7

What is the major role of phosphorus?

Bone and tooth formation, PH of body fluids, phospholipids.

8

What is the major role of potassium?

Maintains the PH of body fluids used in action potentials

9

What is the major role of sodium?

Maintains the PH of body fluids used in action potentials

10

What is the major role of selenium?

Used by the immune system

11

What is a natural source of calcium?

Dairy foods, leafy greens, dry beans

12

What is a natural source of iron?

Red meats, eggs, nuts, whole grains, leafy greens

13

What is a natural source of zinc?

Meats, whole grains, nuts, legumes

14

What is a natural source of phosphorus?

Dairy products, grains

15

What is a natural source of potassium?

Fruits and vegetables, meats, milk.

16

What is a natural source of sodium?

Table salt, meats

17

What is a natural source of selenium?

Nuts: brazil nuts. And many fruits and vegetables.

18

What are vitamins?

any of a group of organic compounds which are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by the body.

19

What roles do vitamins play?

Roles in metabolism

20

True or False? Do we obtain energy from vitamins

False

21

How do we get energy from vitamins?

Some vitamins are necessary to run energy-related processes in cells

22

What is the major role of vitamin A and what is its natural source?

used to make visual pigments, maintains epithelial tissues, and is needed for normal growth. It is sourced naturally from orange and yellow fruits and veges, egg yolk, and dairy products

23

What is the major role of vitamin C and what is its natural source?

Used in collagen synthesis and has a possible role in immune function. It is naturally sourced from fresh veges and fruits.

24

What is the major role of vitamin D and what is its natural source?

Bone growth, calcium absorption, and has a possible role in immune function. Is naturally sourced from eggs, dairy products, and sunlight.

25

What is the major role of vitamin E and what is its natural source?

Antitoxidant and reduces cellular damage. Is sourced naturally from nuts, wholegrains, and leafy veges.

26

What is the major role of B complex vitamins and what are their natural source?

Used in cellular respiration to metabolize sugars and other carbon compounds, is naturally sourced from whole grains, legumes, many fruits and veges.

27

What is the major role of vitamin k and what is its natural source?

Plays a role in blood clotting, and is naturally produced by the intestinal bacteria

28

What are antioxidants?

Antioxidants are substances that may protect your cells against free radicals, which may play a role in heart disease, cancer and other diseases as they damage cells and cell processes.

29

Which antioxidants combine with free radicals to reduce their effects and slow cell aging?

Vitamins C and E which are found in colourful veges and fruits and natural nuts/wholegrains.

30

What is a Two-Way digestion system?

Where food of an organism enters through the same opening in which the waste leaves through.