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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (33)
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1

What are the three time periods of the Andes region prior to pre Colombian time?

Formative, Classical, Post-Classical

2

What was the first civilization?

Norte Chico

3

What was the Norte Chico economy based on?

Fishing

4

What did the Norte Chico use for writing?

Quipo

5

What type of government did the Chavin have?

Theocratic

6

What was Chavins main site?

Chavin de huantar

7

What were the two primary construction material for the chavin?

Granite and limestone

8

What was the name for obelisk that was in the central courtyard?

Tello obelisk

9

What was the name of the monolithic spear of chavin de huantar?

Lanzon

10

Picture of vase

Stirrup vase

11

Which civilization was known for cranial deformation?

Paracas

12

What is known as the cranial surgeries and what tools would they use?

Obsidian rocks, Trepanation

13

What is obsidian?

A type of rock created from volcanic activity, used in the weapons and tools of the natives.

14

Who was the principal god of the Moche who was pictured decapitating people?

Ai Apaec

15

What did the Japanese use as stimulus before battle?

Green tea

16

The causes of the disappearance of the Moche?

Volatility theory, el nina causes flooding, environmental stress

17

Who drew the lines in the desert? And what are they called?

Nazca lines

18

What is the name of the access point to the underground canals?

Pupullos

19

The lord of Spain was from what civilization?

Moche civilization

20

Why would they have trophy heads? 2 answers

Show off kills, jewelry

21

Describe where the nazca lived in terms of climate.

Arid desert

22

What civilization was most known for the nail heads?

Chavin

23

What type of government did the Moche have?

Militaristic/theocratic

24

What type of government did the nazca have?

Militaristic/theocratic

25

What type of government did the paracas have?

Militaristic/theocratic

26

Columbus Day is being replaced by which holiday?

Indigenous peoples day

27

What were the three main exports of Africa during the age of discovery?

Ivory, gold, slaves

28

What percent of population die in Europe during the Black Death?

45-50%

29

Who discovered Greenland?

Erik the Red

30

Who discovered vineland?

Lief Ericsson